By Eric H. Cline
In 1177 B.C., marauding teams recognized merely because the “Sea Peoples” invaded Egypt. The pharaoh’s military and army controlled to defeat them, however the victory so weakened Egypt that it quickly slid into decline, as did many of the surrounding civilizations. After centuries of brilliance, the civilized international of the Bronze Age got here to an abrupt and cataclysmic finish. Kingdoms fell like dominoes over the process quite a few many years. not more Minoans or Mycenaeans. not more Trojans, Hittites, or Babylonians. The thriving economic climate and cultures of the past due moment millennium B.C., which had stretched from Greece to Egypt and Mesopotamia, all of sudden ceased to exist, besides writing structures, know-how, and enormous structure. however the Sea Peoples by myself couldn't have prompted such common breakdown. How did it happen?
In this significant new account of the motives of this “First darkish Ages,” Eric Cline tells the gripping tale of the way the top used to be caused by means of a number of interconnected disasters, starting from invasion and riot to earthquakes, drought, and the slicing of overseas exchange routes. Bringing to existence the colourful multicultural international of those nice civilizations, he attracts a sweeping landscape of the empires and globalized peoples of the past due Bronze Age and indicates that it used to be their very interdependence that hastened their dramatic cave in and ushered in a dismal age that lasted centuries.
A compelling mix of narrative and the newest scholarship, 1177 B.C. sheds new gentle at the advanced ties that gave upward thrust to, and eventually destroyed, the flourishing civilizations of the overdue Bronze Age—and that set the level for the emergence of classical Greece.
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Extra info for 1177 B.C.: The Year Civilization Collapsed
There are also palm trees, exotic animals, and other details showing the distant locale, and depictions of the ships that transported the Egyptians to and from Punt, complete down to the masts and rigging. In the thirty-third year of his rule, sometime after 1450 BC, Thutmose III sent his own trade delegation to the land of Punt. 38 These are some of the few instances, along with the expeditions he sent to Lebanon to acquire cedar, where we can actually point to ongoing trade between Egypt and a foreign area during Thutmose III’s reign, though we suspect that much of the “tribute” (inw) depicted in the tomb scenes of the nobles from his reign is actually traded goods.
Grain, wine, spices, perfumes, wood, and textiles almost certainly have long since disappeared. Raw materials such as ivory, precious stones like lapis lazuli, agate, and carnelian, and metals such as gold, copper, and tin will also have been locally converted long ago into other objects such as weapons and jewelry. Thus, the most abundant signposts of the trade routes and of international contacts may have perished, disintegrated, or Of Arms and the Man • • • 23 otherwise disappeared in antiquity.
We cannot be certain, but it is interesting to consider the possibility of the principal figures of the Late Bronze Age gathering together for some great event in Egypt, much as dignitaries gather today for a British royal wedding or a G-8 conference. The same term, wr (Prince or Chief), is also used elsewhere by Thutmose III, in the entry for the forty-second year of his Annals, where he mentions the “Prince of Tanaja,” the Egyptian designation for mainland Greece. Here he lists objects from the Aegean, including a silver vessel in Keftiuan workmanship and four bowls with handles of silver.