Download Agrarian Development in Peasant Economies by Eric Clayton PDF

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Additional resources for Agrarian Development in Peasant Economies

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But, with the coming of private ownership in the land and the right to pledge it against a loan, debt may become a problem of the future, despite certain actions of Government to counteract this evil. Of universal importance is the peasants' lack of capital. This is, of course, a problem in more advanced countries but in peasant communities it has a special significance. Because peasant farming operates at a relatively low level, it is likely to yield high marginal returns to an initial investment.

B. , June 1958. 32 THE AGRARIAN REVOLUTION 33 titles to land ownership and this, in the nature of things, involved the acceptance of consolidation also. It was against this background that in 1950 the agricolas began to draw up a new agricultural policy which, in basic terms, sought to achieve two objectives (a) conservation of soil resources and (b) increased cash incomes. The examples of enclosure and better farming by individual Africans and, no doubt, the negative results of group farming, set the tone of official deliberations.

The original consolidation methods proved slow and laborious but changes were introduced which speeded up the whole procedure. A serious difficulty arose because consolidation went ahead faster than the legislation required to give it legal foundation. For some years, the provision of individual title to ownership took place under the Interim Land Tenure Rules which had no permanent legal force. This was a dangerous situation, particularly as the African is much addicted to litigation in land disputes.

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