By George Fortune, Mubanga E. Kashoki
First released as a bankruptcy in Language in Zambia: Grammatical Sketches by means of the Institute of African stories (now the Institute of financial and Social study) in 1977, this can be the second one in a sequence of person guides on Zambian languages and grammar. The goal of the sequence is to spice up the meagre scholarship and availability of academic fabrics on Zambian languages, which grew to become relatively in pressing in 1996, following the choice of the Zambian executive to revert to the coverage of utilizing neighborhood languages as media of guideline. This quantity presents a grammatical comic strip of Lozi, a language with regards to the Sotho language workforce, and one of many languages spoken because the lingua franca all around the Western Province of Zambia. it really is spoken at the principal Barotse simple to the north and south of Mongu and on both sides of the Zambezi river, the entire method to Livingstone, the place it's the major African language in use, and a substantial distance inland. it's the moment administrative language of the rustic after English. The examine presents a finished survey of all of the significant grammatical beneficial properties of the language.
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Extra info for An outline of Silozi grammar
G. libizo la-mushimaniyo (the nameofthis boy) (5) The possessiveinflections are madeup ofa classaffix and the morpheme/-4-l of relationship. The class aflx indicates the possesseeor object of the relationship. e-g. -a-lizupa (a pot it-ofclaD (9) The classaffixes occur in the following forrns. PluÌrl No Íumber Singül|r l. 2. b- 3. 4. 6. vo- 8. by- 5. t- 7. 9. v- 11. bw- 12. k- 10. 13. 14. bw- 15. kvì- 16. íhe- 11. 18. g. likom za-mulena N,abulozi 'opili (the cattleofthe former (10) chi€f of Lozi-land) bukaya-bubeli (the secondbook) (9) Possessiveinflections are usedas constituentsnot only wiú SPs but also with pronominal stems and pronounswhich refer to them.
Bon- (see) (beaudible) cp. -utt|- (h€ar) (be left) cp. -si- (leave) (get lost) cp. Jat (thrcw away) (be feasibÌe) cp. -er- (do) -sub-eh- (bedr€adtul) cp. g. - (be known) cp. -zib- (know) -brE-w- (be asked) cp. -brE- (ask) Job'w- (be bÍokeú) cp. Job- (break) -zamay-w- (be walked) cp. -zamay- (úalk) The form /-iuJ is used after radicals which are of c' CC, CV phonological shapq also radicals ending ir /-C',|-l ar'd as an âltenútive in other cases to /-w-/. E -í-ir- (be giv€ÍI) cp. -í- (give) -ns-iw- (b€ taken out) cp.
Y up) cp. -om- (dÌy) -/ìt-elel- (pass ght thrcugh) cp. -ft- (passby) Thìs extensiontakesthe forn l-elez-l afrer radicalsending in lc, j. e. alveolaror palatalstops,spirântsând nasâls. g. -biz-elez- (callall) b) V€rbal extensionsìr,,hichrestrict the collocational relationships of verb rad;calsand verb phmses, (5),/-Ír"-/(Associâtive: actionor stateaffectingpartsof awholein common) e-9. tn- (crowdtogetheÍ) cp. -bon- (see) (beaudible) cp. -utt|- (h€ar) (be left) cp. -si- (leave) (get lost) cp. Jat (thrcw away) (be feasibÌe) cp.