By António Branco, Tony McEnery, Ruslan Mitkov
Anaphora processing is a significant subject within the examine of usual language and has lengthy been the article of analysis in a variety of disciplines. the right kind interpretation of anaphora has additionally turn into more and more very important for real-world normal language processing purposes, together with computing device translation, automated abstracting, details extraction and query answering.
This quantity offers a distinct review of the processing of anaphora from a multi- and inter-disciplinary attitude. it is going to be of curiosity and useful use to readers from fields as different as theoretical linguistics, corpus linguistics, computational linguistics, computing device technology, normal language processing, synthetic intelligence, human language know-how, psycholinguistics, cognitive technological know-how and translation studies.
The readership comprises yet isn't really restricted to school academics, researchers, postgraduate and senior undergraduate students.
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Extra info for Anaphora Processing: Linguistic, Cognitive and Computational Modelling
2 Postponed resolution The mechanism of postponed resolution that AR-engine incorporates allows solving of otherwise intractable cases. Consider example (24): (27) No one knew who was the driver who drove up the actor home that night. Later on, everybody found out that this was the best driver Hollywood ever had. The moment this is to be resolved, there is no sufficient knowledge in order to decide whether it refers [the person], or [the actor] or even [that night]. 3). So, from the fact that the predicative noun the best driver is coreferential with the subject this, and the same the best driver is resolved against the DE [the driver], it can be inferred the recognition of this as the same DE [the driver].
As for the second question, the framework policy is to propose new DEs when no match between the current PS and the preceding DEs rises above thresholdmin. This policy is good enough for our purpose as long as no plural DEs, toward which the plural anaphor could match, are in the recent proximity. If an ambiguity arises, then the second framework policy to postpone resolution until sufficient discrimination criteria leaves a unique candidate within a thresholddiff range is well suited again. The combination of these two policies in example (21) below, for instance, would maintain the indecision whether they should corefer to [John, Maria] or to [the classes] as long as no WK is available to state that only people can go for a pizza, and this should be a correct behaviour.
In the model that we have built, the type of relation linking the two REs obeys the following heuristic: definite determined NP, genitival appositions and undetermined NP, as in (4), (5) and (6) yield coreferences, whereas indefinite noun appositions as in (7) yield type-of relations between the DE corresponding to the second RE towards the DE corresponding to the first RE. Let RE2 be an apposition of RE1 on the text level. We will suppose a knowledge source capable to apply syntactic criteria in order to fetch a apposition-of=RE1 slot attached to PS2.