By Kathleen Kuiper
Domestic to a few of the main extraordinary feats of engineering in addition to awe-inspiring ordinary vistas, old Egypt used to be a land of significant promise fulfilled. Its pyramids, writing platforms, and artwork all predate the Islamic conquest and are symbols of the civilizations power. This quantity invitations readers to take pleasure in the splendors of old Egyptian tradition and detect the traditions that experience fired imaginations around the globe for generations. a close appendix profiles vital websites all through Egypt, lots of which nonetheless comprise remnants and artifacts that ably illustrate the import of this striking civilization.
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Additional info for Ancient Egypt: From Prehistory to the Islamic Conquest (The Britannica Guide to Ancient Civilizations)
Amenemhet I moved the capital back to the Memphite area, founding a residence named Itjet-towy, “she who takes possession of the Two Lands,” which was for later times the archetypal royal residence. Itjet-towy was probably situated between Memphis and the pyramids of Amenemhet I and Sesostris I (at modern Al-Lisht), while Memphis remained the centre of population. From later in the dynasty there is the earliest evidence for a royal palace (not a capital) in the eastern delta. The return to the Memphite area was accompanied by a revival of Old Kingdom artistic styles, in a resumption of central traditions that contrasted with the local ones of the 11th dynasty.
Imhotep, whose title as a master sculptor is preserved from the Step Pyramid complex, may have been its architect; he lived on into the next reign. His fame also endured, and in the Late period he was deified and became a god of healing. In Manetho’s history he is associated with reforms of writing, and this may reflect a genuine tradition, for hieroglyphs were simplified and standardized at that time. Djoser’s successor, Sekhemkhet, planned a still more grandiose step pyramid complex at S·aqqārah, and a later king, Khaba, began one at Zawyat al-‘Aryan, a few miles south of Giza.
Egyptian law continued to influence Greek law during the Hellenistic period, and its effects on Roman imperial law may still be felt today. The second half of the dynasty was a time of conflict and rival lines of kings, some of whose names are preserved on stone vases from the 3rd-dynasty Step Pyramid at S·aqqārah or in king lists. ” Khasekhemwy was probably the same person as Khasekhem after the successful defeat of his rivals, principally Peribsen. Both Peribsen and Khasekhemwy had tombs at Abydos, and the latter also built a monumental brick funerary enclosure near the cultivation.