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By Jeanne D'Andrea

The Getty Museum construction re-creates an historic Roman villa at the beaches of the Pacific Ocean, the place site visitors can consider that they're vacationing the Villa dei Papiri earlier than it was once buried through the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in advert seventy nine. The weather of Southern California has made it attainable to plant the gardens with dozens of herbs, vegetation, and fruit bushes recognized to the Greeks and Romans. In classical occasions they have been useful in addition to appealing, supplying colour, fragrance, domestic drugs, and flavorings for food and drinks.

Martha Breen Bredemeyer, a San Francisco Bay region artist, was once encouraged to color dozen of the garden’s herbs. Her watercolor gouaches mix vivid colour with the delicate delicacy of those short-lived crops whereas her pen-and-ink drawings proportion their wiry grace. Jeanne D’Andrea discusses twenty-one of the herbs intimately after proposing their position in fable, medication, and residential within the advent.

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Ordinary soil conditions. A greenish-yellow volatile oil contains a high percentage of oxygenated compounds. Berries contain both fixed and volatile oils; the former, known as oil of bays, includes lauro stéarine, the ester oflauric acid. Leaves, berries, and oil have excitant and narcotic properties. Leaves are also diaphoretic and in large doses emetic. 37 BORAG (bouglosson) Euphrosinum IJorage is native to southern Europe and Asia Minor. Although it has been used since antiquity as both food and drug, the origin of its name is still disputed.

Mustard juice mixed with honey and water (hydromel) and gargled is good for inflamed tonsils. As an ointment it cures dandruff and clears the complexion. Beaten with figs, it improves hearing and alleviates noise in the ears, and mustard juice in honey improves the eyesight. Pliny claims that pungent, fiery mustard was found effective for forty-four different ailments, coinciding with some of those noted by Dioscorides. Pounded and applied with vinegar, it relieves serpent bites and scorpion stings; it counteracts fungus poisoning; chewed, it alleviates toothache; it is beneficial for all stomach troubles; pounded with equal parts of figs and cumin and applied externally, it is good for dropsy; its powerful smell when mixed with vinegar revives those in epileptic fits, faints, or melancholic states.

The idea of gardens grew from early religion and legend. Two early types of Greek gardens are known. Pierre Grimai in Les Jardins Romains distinguishes the formal sacred gardens surrounding Greek sanctuaries and the freer, more natural, sacred groves associated with some of the Olympian gods. Both may have originated in the pre-Greek vegetation cults of the Aegean world. These two garden types, as well as a third kind—the bountiful palace garden of Alcinous visited by Odysseus—inspired garden design throughout the Mediterranean world until the end of the Roman empire.

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