By Rachel Hachlili
Historical Synagogues - Archaeology and artwork. New Discoveries and present learn offers archaeological facts - the structure, paintings, Jewish symbols, zodiac, biblical stories, inscriptions, and cash – which attest to the significance of the synagogue. while regarded as a complete, some of these items of proof verify the centrality of the synagogue establishment within the lifetime of the Jewish groups throughout Israel and within the Diaspora. most significantly, the synagogue and its artwork and structure performed a strong position within the renovation of the basic ideals, customs, and traditions of the Jewish humans following the destruction of the second one Temple and the lack of Jewish sovereignty within the Land of Israel. The booklet additionally features a complement of the record at the Qazion excavation.
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Extra info for Ancient Synagogues—Archaeology and Art: New Discoveries and Current Research (Handbook of Oriental Studies)
Agiotatos topos), ‘the most holy place’ appears within a medallion in the inhabited scrolls of the Gaza synagogue mosaic, referring to the mosaic which was donated by two patrons (Fig. XIV-1; Roth-Gerson 1987:no. 21). The same term appears in the mosaic inscription on the floor in the vestibule at Gerasa (Fig. XI-11) in a border of the panel showing Noah’s ark; the inscription flanks a menorah and ritual objects which would be seen by anyone leaving the synagogue (Fig. VIII-8b, c; Roth-Gerson 1987:no.
CE, but Kee (1990:7–8) and McKay (1998:125–28) suggest a later date, the second half of the second century, which in Kee’s opinion fits well with the evidence of archaeological remains of synagogues built after the destruction of the Temple. Hoenig (1979:451–452), in his definition of synagogue, excludes those institutions in which the Law was read without the accompaniment of prayer. Schürer et al. ” Proseuche (προσευχη): The meaning of the term is prayer (or vow) and it is applied to buildings, not people.
Courtesy of Prof. Eric Meyers, the Excavations of Gush Halav, H. Shema, Meiron and Nabratein: Figs. III-1:4, 5, 6, 8; IV-3, IV-4a, IV-24–25, IV-28:1, IV-29, IV-36:1–2, 5, IV-37, IV-47; IX-4, IX-14, IX-22; X-29a, XII-2. Courtesy of Prof. Jodi Magness, The excavation of Huqoq. Photos: Jim Haberman: Figs. III-4, VIII-13a, VIII-13b, XIII-12. Courtesy of Prof. Zeev Weiss, The Sepphoris Excavations. The Hebrew University of Jerusalem: Figs. III-11; V-30, VI-2b, VII-3b; VII-11, 14, 16, 18, 20 Sepphoris; VII-22a, VIII-2a, VIII-7, VIII-20a, IX-9a— Drawings: Pnina Arad.