By Larry W. Mays (auth.), L. Mays (eds.)
There is not any extra primary source than water. the root of all lifestyles, water is quick turning into a key factor in today’s global, in addition to a resource of clash. This interesting publication, which units out a number of the creative tools through which old societies accrued, transported and kept water, is a well timed ebook as overextraction and profligacy threaten the life of aquifers and watercourses that experience provided our wishes for millennia.
It presents an summary of the water applied sciences constructed through a few historical civilizations, from these of Mesopotamia and the Indus valley to later societies equivalent to the Mycenaeans, Minoans, Persians, and the traditional Egyptians. after all, no ebook on old water applied sciences will be entire with no discussing the engineering feats of the Romans and Greeks, but in addition to masking those key civilizations, it additionally examines how historic American societies from the Hohokams to the Mayans and Incas husbanded their water offers. This strangely wide-ranging textual content may perhaps supply today’s parched global a few options to the upcoming challenge in our water supply.
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Extra resources for Ancient Water Technologies
Urartians were the only people in the Near East to have the elaborate and well-planned water supply systems comparable to those in Egypt and Mesopotamia (Garbrecht, 1980). Lake Van has no apparent outlets and the water is brackish so that it could not have been used for water supply or irrigation. Urartians first exploited the spring in the valley of Engil Cayi, shown in Fig. 14. Water from the spring flows naturally to the Engil Cayi; however, it was collected immediately below the spring using a simple stone and earthworks, then channeled across the Engil Calyi to its right shore in an aqueduct bridge.
Flood water is diverted (A) and then cleaned by means of spillways in consecutive basins (B) and fills up the large underground cistern (C). W. Mays Bir Huweimel at the bottom of Ras as-Slimane, actually traps flood water using a large room (depth of 9 m) excavated in the riverbed. Flood water is diverted to water intakes and decanting basins as shown in Fig. 19, to fill the large cistern where the water is stored. A staircase is used to enter the cistern and water is drawn from the cistern through a well.
14 The settling-reservoir (nag-ku5 ) and complementary water-works, as reconstructed by Kang (1973) from the Ur III texts water-works. Thus, Kang (1973) studying the term nag-ku5 (naˆgkud, ), was able to propose an image of Sumerian canal and irrigation systems, arriving to a description of a multi-purpose settling-reservoir, as shown in Fig. 14, serving ‘to facilitate intersections, to slow water flow from higher to a lower plane, to prevent scouring and erosion, and to act as a kind of a simple reservoir’.