By Susan Nance
The idea that of 'modernity' is important to many disciplines, yet what's modernity to animals? Susan Nance solutions this query via a thorough reinterpretation of the lifetime of Jumbo the elephant. within the Eighties, shoppers, the media, zoos, circuses and taxidermists, and (unknowingly) Jumbo himself, reworked the elephant from an orphan of the worldwide ivory exchange and zoo captive right into a distracting foreign big name. electorate on continents imaged Jumbo as a sentient person and puppy, yet have been aghast whilst he died in an business coincidence and his continues to be have been absorbed via the taxidermic and animal rendering industries reserved for nameless animals. The case of Jumbo uncovered the 'human hindrance' of contemporary dwelling, in which humans celebrated person animals to manage or distract themselves from the wholesale slaughter of animals required via glossy consumerism.
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Extra info for Animal Modernity: Jumbo the Elephant and the Human Dilemma
As a historicized individual who was a product of his biology and his personal experience, Jumbo unknowingly set the stage for his rise as a celebrity. 58 In fear that Scott would lose control of Jumbo outside the zoo grounds, Barnum’s elephant manager, Bill Newman, at first insisted on hobbling Jumbo with heavy chains and carrying him through the streets using conventional rolling stock. The elephant was unaccustomed to hobbling, and reportedly pulled franticly at the chains and vocalized loudly before finally being prodded by Scott toward a waiting container.
Boston, Ma. Saturday being Bunker Hill day, ... m. in the pond at Boston common. 0007 Jumbo: Tourist and Consumer 45 Wednesday, August 2nd. Y. In the evening as the small elephants were being conveyed to their cars, they were attacked and stampeded by a gang of Trojan roughs. They ran in all directions, two of them rushing into an iron foundry which they soon cleared by indiscriminately slinging around all the red hot irons they could find. Another two ran into a corn field, after upsetting half a dozen people.
T. Barnum, 332. Ibid. Barnum, Struggles and Triumphs, 121. Barnum, Life of P. T. Barnum, 331. Lesarge to P. T. Barnum, February 22, 1882 quoted in Barnum, Life of P. T. Barnum, 331; see, for instance, various letter reprinted in “Jumbo and His Friends,” Daily Telegraph (London), February 23, 2015. See also, “The Cry of the Children,” Punch, or the London Charivari 82 (March 4, 1882): 98. 0006 38 Animal Modernity 79 “Jumbo and His Friends,” Daily Telegraph (London), February 23, 1882. 80 Editorial, The Spectatorr (London), February 25, 1882.