By Panos Sophoulis
This cutting edge survey of Byzantium's family members with pre-Christian Bulgaria within the past due 8th and early 9th century bargains a wholly new framework for knowing the advancements that formed the most turbulent sessions within the heritage of the early Medieval Balkans. in contrast to past reviews, it integrates the surviving literary assets with the ever-growing archaeological list to build a entire narrative account of the Byzantine-Bulgar clash for political mastery within the sector. in addition, the research of the altering socio-political buildings of Bulgaria offers a foundation for knowing its transformation from a unfastened tribal confederation right into a sturdy monarchy. whereas this is often essentially a nearby examine, concentrating on the territories and peoples managed by way of the 2 competing powers, it's also of curiosity to scholars of the Frankish, Arab and steppe-nomad worlds, because the kin among Byzantium and Bulgaria are positioned right into a wider foreign context.
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Extra resources for Byzantium and Bulgaria, 775-831 (East Central and Eastern Europe in the Middle Ages, 450-1450)
1–2) briefly mentions Leo IV’s resettlement of Monophysite Syrians in Thrace. 4–11). 5–10). The last four notices offer information on the Byzantine-Bulgar war between 789 and 796. 6–12). , c. 42, 57; Mango and Scott 1997, xcv. 55 Sinor 1978, 171–180, with several examples; Litavrin 1986, 103–105. For the way the Bulgars may have viewed the world of their sedentary neighbours and some of the clichés defining the image of “the other”, see Stepanov 2010a, 40–41, 43–44. 10–12. For a detailed discussion, see now Nikolaou 1996, 269–282.
21–22. 64 For the election of Nikephoros, see Alexander 1958, 65–71. 65 Mango and Scott 1997, 663 n. 1, believe that the term paroikos is used here in a biblical sense, meaning “foreigner”. 18 chapter one labour to rebuild it, unsuccessfully contrives to persuade them to volunteer. 8). The last notice concerns the resettlement of Thrace and Macedonia, the first of the so-called “ten vexations of Nikephoros”, comparable to the plagues of Egypt. 10–23). The chronicler names one of his authorities.
18 chapter one labour to rebuild it, unsuccessfully contrives to persuade them to volunteer. 8). The last notice concerns the resettlement of Thrace and Macedonia, the first of the so-called “ten vexations of Nikephoros”, comparable to the plagues of Egypt. 10–23). The chronicler names one of his authorities. This is an official communiqué (sacra) announcing the capture of a Bulgar aule (lit. 66 The communiqué evidently noted the date of Nikephoros’ departure from the imperial capital (Maundy Tuesday, 3 April), but whether it also reported that he had celebrated Easter at the encampment, as the chronicler claims it did, is unknown.