By I. E. S. Edwards, C. J. Gadd, N. G. L. Hammond
The current quantity starts off with an account of what's identified in regards to the remotest geological a while and includes chapters at the other forms of proof touching on guy and his actual surroundings as much as the tip of the Predynastic interval in Egypt and the parallel phases of improvement in Mesopotamia, Persia, Anatolia, Palestine, Cyprus, Greece and the Islands. to track the background of those very early occasions it will be significant to count mainly on fabric continues to be, considering that writing had no longer then been invented. The textual content deals a surroundings opposed to which the cultural growth of the ancient epoch will be seen. Archaeological research could be anticipated to deliver to gentle extra facts to fill many of the current gaps in our wisdom, yet already it really is transparent that the gulf among ancient and prehistorical instances in a lot of the traditional international is narrower than used to be meant.
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Extra info for Cambridge Ancient History. Prolegomena and Prehistory
The consequences are indeed striking and in Carey's own words 'the great Tethys emerges' on his maps and 'makes palaeographic sense for the first time'. But the requirements in rotation or translation of the continental masses are not examined, and the reconstruction is suggestive rather than compelling. V. ORIGINS OF THE MODERN SEAS, RIVERS AND MOUNTAINS In all the preceding discussion the use of place-names has been essentially to locate, in terms of a modern geography, areas where events were taking place, or where rocks that provide significant evidence may now be seen.
In late Jurassic and early Cretaceous times the sea withdrew and in parts of Europe wide expanses of fresh water provided a habitat for the giant reptiles of the period. This interesting episode came to an end in late Cretaceous times when the sea once more transgressed from the Tethys far and wide over Europe. The continent was almost completely inundated from the Hebrides to the Urals, and over most of the submerged area very substantial thicknesses of pure soft limestone accumulated—the familiar chalk of both sides of the English Channel.
2 Overlying these beds and involved with them in the folding is a Pliocene series of sandstones, silts and conglomerates 1 § iv, 7, p. 392. 2 See above, p. 15. Cambridge Histories Online © Cambridge University Press, 2008 24 THE GEOLOGICAL AGES —the Bakhtiari formation—which in places may exceed 3,000 m. in thickness. Its thick, but local, conglomerates imply that the anticlines were both rising and being eroded. Some of them yield pebbles of red cherts from strata now exposed in the zone of nappes, or of Eocene limestones (or even limestones of the Lower Fars group) exposed more locally.