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SparkChartsTM—created through Harvard scholars for college kids everywhere—serve as examine partners and reference instruments that hide a variety of collage and graduate tuition matters, together with company, desktop Programming, drugs, legislation, international Language, Humanities, and technology. Titles like the right way to examine, Microsoft be aware for home windows, Microsoft Powerpoint for home windows, and HTML offer you what it takes to discover luck at school and past. Outlines and summaries disguise key issues, whereas diagrams and tables make tough innovations more uncomplicated to digest.

This six-page chart covers:
Chemistry fundamentals
Atomic constitution and electron configuration
Bonding and intermolecular interactions
Hybrid orbitals and bonding
Stoichiometry and chemical reactions
Gases
Thermochemistry
Kinetics
Acids and bases
Electrochemistry
Nuclear Chemistry

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36). B T M A Br 3, aq N a O H R1--SO-R 2 R1--S--R 2 CHzC12 rt, or C1CH2CH2C1 reflux 47 - 98 % Fig. 28. Oxidation of sulfides to sulfoxides with BTMA Br 3 Although the oxidation of thiols with chlorine or bromine in the presence of water gives sulfonyl halides or sulfonic acids, the reaction of thiols with a stoichiometric amount of BTMA Br3 and sodium hydroxide in dichloromethanewater at room temperature gives disulfides in good yields (Fig. 29) (ref. 37). B T M A Br 3, aq N a O H 2 R--SH ~ CH2C12, rt, 10-20 min R--S--S--R 60-99 % Fig.

Recently, we also found that the reaction of primary amines and hydrazo compounds with BTMA Br 3 in aq. sodium hydroxide or in water gave corresponding nitriles and azo compounds in satisfactory yields, respectively (Fig. 27) (ref. 35). 5 - 10 h R-N-N-R 60-91% Fig. 27. Oxidation of primary amines and hydrazo compounds with BTMA Br3 43 Oxidation of sulfides to sulfoxides and oxidation of thiols to disulfides The oxidation of sulfides to sulfoxides are occasionally found to be unsatisfactory, since the resulting sulfoxides are easily oxidized to sulfones.

Yonemaru, S. Kajigaeshi, Nippon Kagaku Kaishi, 112 (1990). 13. J. Berthelot, C. Guette, M. Ouchefoune, P-L. Desbene, J-J. Basselier, J. Chem. Research (S), 381 (1986). 14. S. Kajigaeshi, T. Kakinami, M. Moriwaki, T. Tanaka, S. Fujisaki, T. Okamoto, Chem. Express, 3, 219 (1988). 15. S. Kajigaeshi, M. Moriwaki, T. Tanaka, S. Fujisaki, T. Kakinami, T. Okamoto, J. Chem. , Perkin Tram. I, 897 (1990). 16. S. Kajigaeshi, T. Kakinami, M. Moriwaki, T. Tanaka, S. Fujisaki, T. Okamoto, Bull. Chem. Soc. , 62, 439 (1989).

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