By David Highfield
Facade-retention schemes are getting used increasingly more as a method of delivering glossy lodging for advertisement and business constructions when conserving the exterior architectural positive factors of historical and tasty constructions in conservation parts and town centres. This booklet is a consultant to this hugely complicated approach and comprises specific case experiences of 8 winning facade-retention initiatives. the development of recent constructions at the back of historical facades is a special section within the historical past of structure. it will possibly in basic terms be utilized to commonly built constructions with load bearing exterior partitions and it offers designers and contractors with specific technical difficulties. the topic additionally increases philosophical and moral questions that have generated a lot controversy among conservationists, architects, builders and planners. although, facade-retention has been famous as a pragmatic and precious compromise which mixes architectural conservation with new improvement. the purpose of "The development of recent structures in the back of ancient Facades" is to give an explanation for the foremost concerns linked to the topic, together with the historical past to and purposes for, its common use, its acceptability as a way of architectural conservation, making plans approaches, layout, the structural difficulties linked to facade-retention and the technical ideas which are used to beat them. The illustrated case experiences of contemporary facade-retention schemes supply a close perception into the actual recommendations and recommendations that are used. This booklet will be of curiosity to architects, surveyors, structural engineers, builders and proprietors, making plans officials and people interested by construction conservation and teachers and scholars in those disciplines.
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12 Preservation or re-creation of the original roof Where the existing roof is a dominant feature, its original shape, pitch, covering and ornament should be preserved or recreated where possible. VISUAL AND DECORATIVE FEATURES 27 extend above the facade. In such cases, the following criterion should be applied. 9 113–115, George Street, Edinburgh: after redevelopment. Where the provision of a new, modern roof structure, extending above the retained facade, is necessary, it should be designed so that it is not visible from street level viewpoints in order to avoid it detracting from the appearance and character of the retained facade.
The two most common solutions used to overcome this problem are as follows. 10). This ensures that no new foundations are constructed adjacent to those of the facade, therefore ruling out any constructional disturbance and subsequent harmful effects caused by the new structure’s loads. 11, is employed when the design of the new structure requires that some columns must be located immediately adjacent to the retained facade. In order to minimize disturbance at the base of the facade, the new column bases are constructed immediately adjacent to it, but do not undermine it.
The principal technical problems common to most facade retention schemes include: 1. providing temporary support to the retained facade during demolition of the existing building’s interior and construction of the new structure; 2. the installation of permanent structural ties to hold the retained facade back to the new structure; 3. making allowance for differential settlement between the new structure and the retained facade in order to avoid subsequent structural damage; 4. providing a foundation system to the new structure which will not impair the stability of the retained facade.