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By Kempe Ronald Sr. Hope;Hope

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Extra info for Corruption and Development in Africa: Lessons from Country Case Studies

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As a measure for controlling corruption, pay/grading reform generally has five objectives: (a) an increase in overall real pay levels; (b) the decompression of pay scales to improve the competitiveness of civil service pay at higher levels; (c) a new grading system based on job evaluations; (d) the introduction of performance-based pay; and (e) the improvement of pay policy-making and administration (de Merode and Thomas, 1994). The experience of pay and grading reform in Africa suggests some success in outcomes which, over the medium term, ought to influence the reduction in bureaucratic corruption.

Corruption hinders administrative development and performance in developing states partly because of its institutional spillover Corruption and Development in Africa 27 effects. It has been found that corrupt public officials export their corrupt activities to other institutions by extending influence and pressure on other public officials as a means of sustaining rent-seeking opportunities (Hope, 1987). Indeed, the damaging effect of corruption on administrative development and efficiency can be very extensive and variegated.

Surely, these kinds of losses would have negative impacts on development performance given the country’s budgetary constraints. Likewise, the process of economic development has been severely hampered in Mali (one of the poorest African countries with a per capita GNP of US$300) through the looting of the country by the former Head of State, Moussa Traoré, who amassed a personal fortune worth over US$2 billion – an amount that was equal to the size of Mali’s foreign debt in 1992 (Ayittey, 1992).

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