By Sabine Maasen, Peter Weingart (auth.), Sabine Maasen, Peter Weingart (eds.)
‘Scientific suggestion to politics’, the ‘nature of expertise’, and the ‘relation among specialists, policymakers, and the general public’ are diversifications of a subject matter that at the moment draws the eye of social scientists, philosophers of technological know-how in addition to practitioners within the public sphere and the media. This renewed curiosity in a continual subject matter is initiated by way of the decision for a democratization of craftsmanship that has develop into the order of the day within the legitimation of study investment. the recent value of ‘participation’ and ‘accountability’ has inspired students to take a brand new examine the technology – politics interface and to probe questions reminiscent of "What is new within the association of medical services and political decision-making?", "How can trustworthy wisdom be made beneficial for politics and society at huge, and the way can epistemically and ethically sound judgements be completed with no wasting democratic legitimacy?", "How can the target of democratization of workmanship be accomplished with no compromising the standard and reliability of knowledge?"
Scientific wisdom and the ‘experts’ that symbolize it not command the unquestioned authority and public belief that used to be bestowed upon them, and but, coverage makers are extra depending on them than ever earlier than. This selection of essays explores the kin among technology and politics with the tools of social reviews of technological know-how, thereby supplying new insights into their re-alignment below a brand new régime of governance.
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Extra info for Democratization of Expertise?: Exploring Novel Forms of Scientific Advice in Political Decision-Making
According to the statements of different experts, ethical expertise is dynamic: ethical considerations depend on the current state of scientific research in the field of genetics and biomedicine. Ethics has something dynamic about it, it’s a process in which, because knowledge is always advancing (and that’s the basic problem, this growth of knowledge), one’s view of the consequences can change because there are other consequences, or the consequen-ces can be better controlled, or whatever it may be.
30 ALEXANDER BOGNER AND WOLFGANG MENZ There was a long discussion, and then eleven members of the Bioethics Commission agreed on a positive recommendation. Eight members, of which I was one, rejected that position. We had very different reasons for doing so, and I wasn’t really able to explain what my reasons were. I have two reasons which aren’t specified in the paper itself. Well, you could even say I had a third position, or something like that... My main reason was that I feel very uncomfortable, because of my conception of democracy, if the EU Commission forces member states to take decisions on matters about which individual states have not had a proper debate – and when the Commission itself is well aware of this fact.
Ethics has something dynamic about it, it’s a process in which, because knowledge is always advancing (and that’s the basic problem, this growth of knowledge), one’s view of the consequences can change because there are other consequences, or the consequen-ces can be better controlled, or whatever it may be. So, it is unbelievably dynamic. And I 36 ALEXANDER BOGNER AND WOLFGANG MENZ think that this aspect, and the fact that it’s open, should be very strongly emphasized – in a preliminary statement of some sort.