By Soma Pillay
Improvement Corruption in South Africa examines governance issues with a spotlight on corruption. This wealthy empirical physique on governance variables and governance functionality is a welcome boost to South African govt literature.
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Extra info for Development Corruption in South Africa: Governance Matters
Corruption exists because individuals perceive that there are benefits to corruption and that the costs are relatively low compared to the benefits. In addition, the historical-cultural explanation of corruption suggests positive correlations between political corruption and urbanization. Political Explanations According to Ackerman (1999), politics can be used to combat corruption if political actions increase the cost of corruption by increasing the probability that a corrupt individual will be punished.
The script is changed, the actors are replaced, and the scenery is altered, but the play is performed as before. The form is altered but the behavior continues. When this occurs, bureaucratic corruption has been institutionalized. Wrongdoing is the norm. it is so regularized that the administrative system tolerates wrongdoing and actually penalizes propriety and integrity. Such systemic corruption persists in many countries and jurisdictions, particularly where cultural norms prize organizational loyalty over public interest, where high standards of public rectitude and personal integrity have been eroded, and where notions of public responsibility and trusteeship have been thrust aside for exploitation of office for private gain.
Commitment to responsible business conduct; 2. management’s leadership; 3 trust in employees; 4. programs and policies that provide people with clarity about the organization’s ethical expectations; 5. open, honest, and timely communications; 6. tools to help employees resolve ethical problems; and 7. reward and recognition systems that reinforce the importance of ethics. Different Approaches to Ethics According to Kroon (1995) there are mainly five different ways to approach ethics. They are the following: ●● ●● ●● ●● ●● The golden rule approach.