Download Development of Electronic Aids for the Visually Impaired: by P. L. Emiliani (auth.), P. L. Emiliani (eds.) PDF

By P. L. Emiliani (auth.), P. L. Emiliani (eds.)

This e-book relies at the papers offered on the Workshop on "Rehabilitation of the Visually Impaired" held in Flo­ rence on the Institute for the learn on Electromagnetic Waves of the Italian examine Council on April 4-6, 1984. The Workshop, backed through the Committee for clinical and Public well-being learn of the fee of the ecu groups, was once intended to replace principles in regards to the want, value and feasibility of a ecu cooperation within the box of visible impairment and to spot promising study components, the place present nationwide actions may well benefit from any such collaboration so as to elevate their potency. specifically, it handled the boost­ ment and use of technical aids (mainly in response to desktops and sign processing innovations) and with the elaboration, assessment and standardization of recent tools and checks. The attendance used to be multidisciplinary, together with researchers from the fields of know-how, drugs and psychology and representatives from organisations concerned about the rehabi­ litation of the visually impaired. 5 technical periods have been prepared, facing the subsequent subject matters: computerized creation of Braille and structures for paperless Braille, aids for examining and for the interplay with coded informa­ tion assets, low imaginative and prescient aids, transduction of visible infor­ mation right into a tactile illustration, mobility aids. 3 varied program sectors have been more often than not thought of: schooling and tradition, vocational education, mobility. a last consultation was once dedicated to a dialogue in operating teams. the consequences are in brief defined within the following concise file of the Workshop.

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Extra resources for Development of Electronic Aids for the Visually Impaired: Proceedings of a workshop on the Rehabilitation of the Visually Impaired, held at the Institute for Research on Electromagnetic Waves of the National Research Council, Florence, Italy. Sponsored by

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O • o• • 0 o. o. o. ) FRACTIONS (with fraction sign 112 o. o. 0 • 0 00 •• usually shortened o. o. •• . 0 00 00 . 0 00 . 0 This shortened notation may be used if the numerator and denominator contains only numbers. The figures of the second number are shifted downwards within the Braille cell by one line. In general the projection is not quite as simple as for fractions but the clear structure of mathematical formulas nevertheless provides for clear production rules. The line onto which the current text is written is called the "base line".

I am thinking here of a double row of 2 X 40 symbols. And yet, the essential overall view of the individual parts of the data presented is lost to the blind user. Furthemore, there is the difficulty of reading columns of numbers. The following are missing with data output structured for video screens - the whole-page display, and a reasonably-priced printer, which would be used when required to imprint the information. Both devices, the whole-page display and the inexpensive printing device, would have to be constructed so that they could be connected to the standard interface of any video- 48 screen.

III FUTURE DEVELOPMENT AND EXPERIMENTS (i) In order to reduce further the described manual intervention it is planned to work out an editorial program which automatically can search the text for compound problem words. One way to identify the problem words could be to provide the program with a listing of all such words. Once the word is identified the program should automatically insert a hyphenation mark. This routine is supposed to take place prior to the preprocessing and translation. (ii) Some of the major publishers in Denmark contemplate offering writers and translators microcomputers and word-processing systems.

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