By William Z. Shetter, Esther Ham
I lately started learning Dutch with the intention to speak larger with my Dutch boyfriend, and so i presumed this ebook will be a pleasant complement to Stern's brief yet informative "Essential Dutch Grammar." The ebook is well geared up for the total newbie, beginning with a pronunciation part (which really is lovely vague), then stepping into spelling ideas and the way to shape plural nouns, sooner than even attending to sentence constitution and verb conjugation. So it's a great factor to examine when you have by no means encountered Dutch before.
BUT! This e-book is loaded with spelling mistakes that I, with my vocabulary of perhaps 50 Dutch phrases, was once capable of spot instantly. for instance, in a vocabulary record illustrating the spelling principles, it says the Dutch be aware for cause is "redden". NO it's not, it truly is "reden" with just one D. The very subsequent web page says the singular AND plural for bicycle is "fietsen", whilst truly the singular is "fiets" and the simply the plural is "fietsen". the dreaded factor is that these are only the 2 that i spotted, who understands what percentage extra errors there are. they could simply be small spelling blunders, but if you're studying a brand new language and your research advisor has all these blunders, it makes you ask yourself what else is wrong.
Fortunately, although, the foundations quite often appear to be actual, compared to what Stern's "Grammar" says, so i'd nonetheless provide this booklet a shot, since it does supply loads of examples of every grammar rule. simply do not use it for a vocabulary resource.
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Extra info for Dutch: An Essential Grammar (Essential Grammars)
The main rule = the adjective takes an -e ending when in front of the noun: De groene auto staat in de stille straat. The green car is parked in the quiet street. Een groene auto staat in een stille straat. A green car is parked in a quiet street. 46 Het groene gras groeit op het grote plein. The green grass grows in the large square. 1111 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1011 1 12111 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 20111 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 30111 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 40 41111 The one case in which an attributive adjective cannot have an -e ending is when three conditions are fulﬁlled simultaneously: 1 2 3 Adjectives The following noun is neuter.
Wij helpen Helpen wij? Jij helpt Help jij? Jullie helpen Helpen jullie? Hij, zij, het helpt Helpt hij, zij, het? Zij helpen Helpen zij? U helpt Helpt u? Note 1: When the pronoun u is used, whether it addresses one or more people the verb is always singular. Note 2: When jij/je follows the verb and its subject, the verb always drops the ending -t, but not the t of the stem (zit je, praat je): Hij geeft je een appel. He gives you an apple. ) 35 5 Personal pronouns and the verb Draag je die koffer zelf?
Wie schrijft het verslag? Who is writing the report? c Imperative Verb stem without personal pronoun, except when it is a polite order. Loop hard! Run fast. Gaat u maar zitten. Please sit down. Ga snel! Go fast. Geeft u mij een kilo pruimen, alstublieft. Please give me a kilo of plums. More details on the imperative are given in Chapter 6. 1 Let’s try it Insert the correct form of the verb in the correct place in the sentence: (liggen) De kat ______ heel lekker op de bank. (kopen) Morgen ______ wij een nieuw woordenboek.