By Betty Fry Williams
Effective courses for Treating Autism Spectrum Disorder is written for academics, mom and dad, and the various carrier companies who paintings with people with autism spectrum illness (ASD). Part one stories the features of ASD, summarizes significant theories and learn findings relating to cause(s) of ASD, and discusses the most well-liked therapy claims, analyzing each one approach's medical base and price. Part two offers an informative evaluate of utilized habit research, targeting the rules of studying and easy approaches dependent upon these rules. those components supply a beginning for realizing the innovations carried out by way of the exceptional remedy courses defined in Part three.
The 8 types defined in Part three symbolize complete, evidence-based courses for the therapy of individuals with ASD, from infancy via maturity. courses reviewed contain the Lovaas Institute, Koegel middle, Strategic educating and Reinforcement structures (STARS), undertaking information, New England kid's middle, might Institute, Princeton baby improvement Institute, and choose Rotenberg heart. concepts defined contain extensive early behavioral intervention, Pivotal reaction education, verbal habit, script fading, social tales, visible task schedules, useful research, the image trade communique process, and the Family-Teaching version.
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Extra info for Effective Programs for Treating Autism Spectrum Disorder: Applied Behavior Analysis Models
Shattock (1995) claimed that symptoms of autism and the eﬀects of chronic morphine dosages are similar, though other researchers 30 • Autism Spectrum Disorder disagree (White, 2003). Shattock (2001) also suggested that the elevated levels of opioid-like peptides found in individuals with autism are so high it might be assumed they are derived from the incomplete breakdown of certain foods, and in fact, the levels are high enough that a small proportion may cross into the brain and interfere with neurotransmission.
A number of abnormalities in blood, urine, and cerebral spinal ﬂuid have been reported for individuals with autism over the years (Folstein, 1999). Only the ﬁnding of increased serotonin in the platelets of about a third of individuals with autism has been consistently replicated, but this excess has not been linked to any particular feature of autism (Burgess, Sweeten, McMahon, & Fujinami, 2006; Cook & Leventhal 1996). cautions regarding brain function evidence Each of the ﬁndings regarding brain function should be weighed with caution because multiple explanations, other than causation, are possible.
A functional MRI (fMRI) allows researchers not only to view internal brain structure, but also to measure brain activity while an individual is engaged in a cognitive task. These fMRIs provide more information about how the brains of individuals with autism actually work. A positron emission tomography scan (PET scan) is a way to make a three-dimensional picture that shows the chemical activity of tissues. A small amount of radioactive glucose (sugar) is Searching for the Cause of ASD • 25 injected into a vein and a scanner makes detailed computerized pictures of areas inside the body where the glucose is used.