Download El-Ahwat, A Fortified Site from the Early Iron Age Near by Adam Zertal PDF

By Adam Zertal

The excavations at el-Ahwat represent a special and interesting archaeological project. the location is the positioning of a fortified urban dated to the early Iron Age (ca. 1220–1150 BCE), hidden in a dense Mediterranean woodland in vital Israel, close to the historical ’Arunah cross. came upon in 1992 and excavated among 1993 and 2000, the digs printed an city “time pill” erected and inhabited in the course of a brief time period (60–70 years), without previous website under or next one above it.

This document presents a bright photograph of the positioning, its constructions, and environmental economic system as evinced via the stone artifacts, animal bones, agricultural installations, and iron forge that have been exposed the following. The excavators of this website recommend during this paintings that the cost was once inhabited by way of the Shardana Sea-Peoples, who arrived within the historical close to East on the finish of the thirteenth century BCE and settled in northern Canaan. In weighing the actual proof and the common sense of the translation offered herein, the reader may be handled to a brand new and compelling archaeological and ancient problem.

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Extra resources for El-Ahwat, A Fortified Site from the Early Iron Age Near Nahal ‘Iron, Israel: Excavations 1993-2000

Example text

It is not fully clear whether this is simply a widening of the city wall or a true free-standing tower. ) “Tower” T52 T52 is an elliptically-shaped construction adjoining the city wall, just west of the city gate complex (Fig. 2). Along its longer east/ west axis, T52 is 10 m in length. Excavations of T52 began in 1994; the structure is described in detail in Chapter 4. “Towers” T54 and T55 These are large accumulations of stones which appear to have been purposely heaped up as round piles and later to have been covered by stones cleared from the surrounding areas.

150 m. This ridge made the settlement vulnerable to attack from the east. Subsequently, at the center of the ridge a large fortification, evidently demolished by modern builders, was constructed (Fig. 5). Symmetry, Inner Division, and Outside Constructions The four apparent “quarters” of the settlement (corresponding to Areas A/B, C, D, and E — Figs. 2) are more or less symmetrical in design: Areas A and E (at the north and south of the site, respectively) are closed and somewhat rounded. Areas C and D (forming the central portion of the site, to the west and east respectively) are parallel, longitudinal rectangular units running north/south, surrounded by irregular walls.

It appears that a similar tower reported at Giloh (Mazar 1990), and compared by Mazar to the altar at Mt. Ebal, belongs to this category of watchtowers. Projections in the City Wall These mostly irregular-shaped “towers” are an integral part of the city wall itself. Two such “towers” (T50 and T51) were partially excavated, but their function currently remains unclear. A number of additional projections, which were not PLAN AND FORTIFICATIONS excavated, are noted below. The “towers” enumerated here are listed according to their order as we move clockwise around the city wall.

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