By Kathryn A. Bard
The Encyclopedia opens with a basic map of the sector and a chronology of classes and dynasties, delivering a context for the entries. the 1st portion of the quantity then includes 14 overviews which discover the historical past and value of every period.
The major physique of the textual content bargains greater than three hundred alphabetically equipped entries, written by way of the most eminent students during this box. parts lined include:
artefacts - glass, jewelry, sculpture
archaeological practices - relationship ideas, representational facts, textual sources
biographies - Howard Carter, Gertrude Caton Thompson, Gaston Maspero
buildings - cult temples, deepest tombs, pyramid complexes
geographical positive aspects - agriculture, weather, irrigation
sites - Abydos, Dakhla Oasis, Thebes
social association - kingship, legislation, taxation
The textual content is commonly illustrated with over a hundred and twenty photographs. each one access is by way of a specific extra interpreting part together with international language resources to complement the to be had works in English.
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Additional resources for Encyclopedia of the Archaeology of Ancient Egypt
Large blades were replaced by bladelets, some of them microlithic (less than 30mm long), with steep retouch or backing along one edge. There was also a shift in subsistence to the exploitation of a wider range of resources and more intensive use of the river. These changes mark the beginning of the Late Paleolithic. There are more Late Paleolithic than Middle or Upper Paleolithic sites, and there is more regional variation. The material from Lower Nubia is often different from that of Upper Egypt, and there are local differences within each region.
Introduction Geographic and chronological scope of Egyptian archaeology Kemet, the “black land,” was the name the ancient Egyptians gave to their state. The “black land” of the fertile floodplain along the lower Nile Valley was differentiated from the barren “red land” of the deserts to either side of the valley. Beginning around 3100– 3000 BC, a unified state stretched along the Nile from Aswan at the First Cataract to the Delta coast along the Mediterranean Sea, a distance of over 1,000km downriver.
Mountainous and dry like the Eastern Desert of Egypt, the Sinai provided a land route to southwest Asia. To the west of the Nile is the Western Desert. Within the Western Desert are a number of oases created by springs, where there is evidence of both prehistoric and pharaonic activity. These oases include Siwa, Bahariya, Farafra, Kharga and Dakhla. To the east of the Nile is the Eastern Desert, also known as the Red Sea Hills because it borders the Red Sea. This is a much more mountainous region than the Western Desert, with some mountains over 1,200m high.