By Coulter H. George
How did historical Greek exhibit that an occasion happened at a selected time, for a definite length, or inside a given timeframe? the reply to those questions is determined by numerous stipulations - the character of the time noun, the stressful and element of the verb, the actual old interval of Greek within which the writer lived - that present experiences of the language don't take sufficiently under consideration. This booklet hence examines the conditions that govern using the genitive, dative, and accusative of time, in addition to the appropriate prepositional structures, essentially in Greek prose of the 5th century BC during the moment century advert, but additionally in Homer. whereas the focal point is on advancements in Greek, translations of the examples, in addition to an absolutely glossed precis bankruptcy, make it available to linguists drawn to the expression of time regularly.
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Additional info for Expressions of Time in Ancient Greek (Cambridge Classical Studies)
One could replace the participle with a demonstrative, and the sentence would still be grammatical. 1. 1). I have not included it in my list of genitive absolutes because of the discontinuous word order. 39 e x p r e s s i o n s o f t i m e : a n i n t r o d uc t i on ‘during (a speciﬁc point in) the time noun’ to ‘after the time noun had passed’. 3. 45 It is also worth noting that even the modiﬁers that occur with the time noun in the punctual genitive absolutes broadly match those that occur with the time noun when it occurs in the simple genitive of time: χειμών and θέρος are usually deﬁnite (11 of 11, and 11 of 13 examples respectively) and often further modiﬁed by a demonstrative, αὐτοῦ, or ἐπιγιγνομένου (3 of the 11 constructions with χειμών, 6 of the 13 with θέρος), while νύξ is indeﬁnite all four times, just as, in the simple genitive of time, νυκτός occurs seventeen times without an article (although admittedly it also occurs eighteen times with an article).
Pl. Lg. 946a). Note also γεγονὼς ἔστω πλειόνων ἐτῶν ἢ πεντήκοντα (Lg. 951c), which can only be a genitive of measure because the comparative adjective itself is in the genitive. None of these constructions have much bearing on the genitive of time, although they occur in the same contexts as accusatives of time (see n. 39). Contrast the use of the accusative of time in a phrase like οὐδέπω εἴκοσιν ἔτη γεγονώς, “not yet having lived for twenty years” (X. Mem.
Now there are two ways that one might analyze this construction: one can take the temporal expression either with οὐδὲν ἐπαύσαντο or with κυλίνδοντες. If we assume the latter, then this example, at least, appears to be an unproblematic durative expression with the imperfective κυλίνδοντες. This solution might work for (27), but consider now the following: (28) οἱ μέντοι Ἀρκάδες καὶ οἱ μετ’ αὐτῶν οὕτως ἐπεφόβηντο τὴν ἐπιοῦσαν ἡμέραν ὥστε οὐδ’ ἀνεπαύσαντο τῆς νυκτός, ἐκκόπτοντες τὰ διαπεπονημένα σκηνώματα καὶ ἀποσταυροῦντες However, the Arcadians and their allies were so afraid of the next day that they did not rest during the night, taking down the housing they had labored over and setting up a palisade (X.