By Alan H. Simmons
The multidisciplinary examine application at Akrotiri Aetokremnos is necessary, in my op- ion, for 3 purposes: empirical and one conceptual. relatively except the archaeology, paintings on the web site is an important contribution to island biogeography, in that the Phanourios sample—certainly the simplest from Cyprus and doubtless the simplest at any place within the world—has already supplied, and may proceed to supply, vital ecological and behavioral facts on those interesting creatures. Dwarfed island faunas are vital to our figuring out of the advanced elements that form normal choice in ecologically closed environments over the evolutionary long-term. At Aetokremnos, we appear to have the “end” of an extended series of hippo evolution at the island. With comparative experiences of alternative Cypriot hippo faunas, we should always have the capacity to pin down the period of preliminary colonization through what have been, pres- ably, normal-sized hippos, and—if the opposite websites will be dated—document the dwarfing procedure in huge element. Aetokremnos could nonetheless be an important paleontological - cality, even within the absence of facts of a human presence there. whereas interpreting the textual content of the monograph, a couple of questions strictly relating to the paleontology happened to me. One was once how you can version the colonization approach. There appears to be like little doubt that the massive mammals colonized the island by way of swimming to it (because, I assemble, Cyprus has no longer been attached to the mainland for about 5–6 m- lion years).
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Extra info for Faunal Extinction in an Island Society: Pygmy Hippopotamus Hunters of Cyprus
It also appears that most of Stockton’s flints were collected on the property of the Australian archaeologist J. R. Stewart. Stewart’s widow has indicated that these collections were made from road gravels that had been brought in from various beaches, and thus were not in situ deposits (Swiny, personal communication 1985). Many of the so-called artifacts may have 22 CHAPTER 1 been naturally fractured cobbles; all were from highly disturbed deposits. Those that are artifacts are likely dhoukani flints from modem threshing platforms (Held 1990:21; Pearlman 1984).
1985:371) believe that all of this material has been redeposited. Based on geologcal evidence, they argue that the younger erosional phase, which contains the potsherds, dates to Roman or post-Roman times and coincides with what Vita-Finzi (1969:101) and Bintliff (1977:35) have termed a Younger Fill. The underlaying gravel bed, which contains chipped stone, could not be dated with certainty, but they place it in VitaFinzi’s (1969:92) and Bintliffs (1977:35) Older Fill, which is of “paleolithic” age (Baudou and Engelmark 1983:7; Baudou et al.
Habitation. Cherry noted that colonization is perhaps a misleading term because it implies well-planned expeditions by groups intending to establish a permanent base. He believes that a more realistic perspective should regard early seafaring in the Mediterranean as “many, tentative, impermanent, short-distance reciprocal movements by mere handfuls of individuals” (Cherry 1981:60). Such groups would probably have produced ephemeral, low-visibility sites, if indeed their remains would be detectable at all.