By Lynn Dumenil
Because the usa moved from Victorian values to these of contemporary consumerism, the non secular part of Freemasonry used to be more and more displaced by means of a mundane ideology of provider (like that of commercial clubs), and the Freemasons' psychology of asylum from the aggressive global gave solution to the purpose of excellent fellowship" inside it. This research not just illuminates this strategy yet clarifies the missed subject of fraternal orders and enriches our realizing of key aspects of yankee cultural swap.
Read Online or Download Freemasonry and American Culture, 1880-1930 PDF
Similar other religions books
Addressing primary questions about existence, loss of life and the universe, technological know-how and the non secular Questexamines the ways that scientists negotiate the advanced frontiers among their clinical and non secular ideals. extraordinary cosmologists, physicians, biologists and laptop scientists of other faiths discover the connections among the area of technology and the geographical regions of ethics, spirituality and the divine.
While first released, MESSIANIC JUDAISM stirred controversy through the kingdom. the 1st ebook to seriously learn the function of Messianic Jews in American spiritual existence, it strains the historical past of this religion that that accepts Jesus because the savior from its past due nineteenth-century foundation in evangelical Christian missions.
For years scandal has rocked Rosewood, Pennsylvania—and highschool seniors Aria, Emily, Hanna, and Spencer have continually been on the heart of the drama. They’ve misplaced acquaintances, been specific via a ruthless stalker named A, and narrowly escaped demise. And it’s now not over but. Aria’s love existence is at the fritz.
Photographs and inscriptions point out how monks and cult body of workers observed themselves and have been considered by way of others. Cultural files like dedications, honorific statues and decrees are principal to knowing how the jobs of clergymen and priestesses have been built in social and political phrases in post-classical Athens.
- Black Blood Brothers: Confraternities and Social Mobility for Afro-Mexicans
- Archetypal Heresy: Arianism through the Centuries
- From the Enemy's Point of View: Humanity and Divinity in an Amazonian Society
- Religion and Hopi Life (Religion in North America)
Additional resources for Freemasonry and American Culture, 1880-1930
Masonic spokesmen repeatedly reaffirmed the Mason's belief in God and his hope for immortality. 29 As a prominent Masonic writer, Albert G. 30 Although it was evident that Masonry was a religious insti tution, the nature of its religious content was much debated. In the 1880s and 1890s especially, spokesmen grappled with the problem of whether Masonry merely contained religious elements or actually functioned as a religious system. Must a Mason believe in the inerrancy of the Bible? What was the nature of a Mason's God?
31 The Oakland temple, obviously a source of pride to Ma sons, was also a community landmark. " Similarly, other publications put out by the Tribune and Oakland's Board of Trade, designed to extol the virtues of Oakland, frequently noted the Masonic Temple and included drawings of it. The temple was classed with such MASONRY REVEALED major public buildings as the courthouse, a bank building, and schools. Similarly, the Chicago Masonic Temple was con sidered an important community structure (Figure 6).
While some lodges may have discriminated against workers, it is also possible that few working-class men sought Masonry out. Many blue-collar workers would have found the cost of Masonry prohibitive. The Live Oak initia tion fee in this period varied from $50 to $100, with dues ranging from $6 to $12 annually—a typical sum for Califor nia's urban lodges. Small-town lodge fees were generally lower, averaging about $30. 16 These Live Oak figures provide a good sense of the com position of an urban lodge, but generalizations about Ma sonry as a whole should be made carefully.