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By Sophia-Karin Psarras

Han fabric tradition is an research of Han dynasty (206 BC-AD 220) chinese language archaeology in accordance with a comparability of the kinds of vessels present in definitely dated tombs. the consequent chronological framework permits the go relationship of tombs throughout China, of which nearly 1000 are documented the following. within the context of this physique of information, the improvement of not just vessel kinds but additionally tomb constitution and decor is reevaluated, including the pervasive intercultural trade noticeable in all parts of this fabric. The Han dynasty emerges as an inventive, unusually open society, inheritor to the Bronze Age and bring in of what may be referred to as the Age of Ceramics.

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Additional info for Han Material Culture: An Archaeological Analysis and Vessel Typology

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11, 1, fig. 1. Outside of China, barrel vaulting has a long history. 41 Similarly, in northern India, barrel vaulting and the dome appear in temples and residences from at least the second century BC, but groin vaulting appears unknown. 44 Given its geographic proximity and extensive cultural influence on Han China, India seems the most likely direct source for the Han for barrel vaulting and the dome. It may be that the Han came upon groin vaulting independently, possibly in an attempt to simulate the dome.

1, fig. 2, 129, fig. 2. Han Material Culture contemporaneously in tombs. However, our understanding of living architecture, and particularly its roofing, is limited, relying primarily on representations rather than excavated evidence: models in bronze from the Early Warring States (ca. fifth century BC)29 through the Han, including copper-inlaid décor on bronze vessels from the Late Springs–Autumns and Early Warring States (ca. 35 From these, it would appear that above-ground temples and dwellings were square or rectangular in the overall plan, making use of columns, lattice-covered windows (as depicted on some box tombs36), and flat or pitched (or double-pitched, pyramidal) roofs.

AD 6–24), the wood box tomb remained in use until the end of the Eastern Han, as at the circa AD 190 Shiyang (Chengdu Municipality, Sichuan). Accordingly, tomb structure cannot be used to indicate the date of a tomb. This conclusion is the direct result of my redating a number of Han tombs. In contrast, the dating of these same tombs by Chinese archaeologists suggests that structure is chronologically precise, even when it has not consciously been used to determine date. The Shaogou (Luoyang Municipality, Henan) and Guangzhou (Guangdong) excavation reports illustrate the problem.

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