Download Historical Dictionary of Panama by Thomas M. Leonard PDF

By Thomas M. Leonard

This Historical Dictionary of Panama covers Panama’s targeted heritage from the time of its Spanish colonization, via its connection to Colombia within the 19th century, and its lengthy interval of U.S. presence. all through those classes, Panama drew the skin world’s cognizance as a transit path that first hooked up the west coasts of Latin the USA and the U.S. to Western Europe. hence, within the lengthy heritage of the isthmus, its transit direction has served to maneuver shipment, humans, and tradition during the world.

The wealthy historical past of Panama is roofed via a chronology, an introductory essay, appendixes, and an intensive bibliography. The dictionary part has over 500 cross-referenced entries on very important personalities, politics, economic system, overseas family, faith, and tradition. This booklet is a superb entry element for college students, researchers, and someone desirous to be aware of extra in regards to the Panama.

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The junta’s internal political infighting started immediately and concluded with Torrijos in control. For the next 13 years, Torrijos ruled Panama with an iron hand. INTRODUCTION • 15 Immediately after seizing power, Torrijos used the military to suppress the political opposition. Political parties were abolished, and the National Assembly and president were stripped of their authority. Next, he institutionalized changes in government. For example, the new 1972 constitution titled Torrijos “Maximum Leader” with a six-year term.

He left his brother Barthlomé and 90 people behind to strengthen and secure the garrison. However, their greed for gold and other jewels and ornaments soon led to conflict with the previously friendly Indians. Columbus returned to the besieged garrison to rescue the Spanish survivors and depart for home on 16 April 1503 on the remaining ship of his expedition. By that time, Columbus had found disfavor by Spain’s New World administrators, who refused to assist him and his crew. Columbus and his men finally arrived in Sanlúcar, Spain, on 7 November 1504.

The changes were approved in a national referendum on 24 April 1983. Still, the National Guard remained the final political arbiter. Noriega then moved to become the country’s key decision maker. This first became apparent in the resignation of President Rubén Darío Paredes on 6 September 1983. Noriega strengthened his position in October 1983 when he persuaded the national legislature to change the guard’s name to the Fuerzas de Defensa de Panamá (FDP)/Panamanian Defense Forces with him as commander-in-chief.

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