By Helena Cruz, José Saporiti Machado, Alfredo Campos Costa, Paulo Xavier Candeias, Nicola Ruggieri, José Manuel Catarino
This ebook provides a range of the simplest papers from the center 2015 convention, held in Lisbon, Portugal, which supplied a useful discussion board for engineers and designers, researchers and educators to interchange perspectives and findings in regards to the technological background, development good points and seismic habit of old timber-framed partitions within the Mediterranean international locations. the subjects lined are huge ranging and comprise historic points and examples of using timber-framed development structures according to earthquakes, comparable to the gaiola procedure in Portugal and the Bourbon method in southern Italy; interpretation of the reaction of timber-framed partitions to seismic activities in response to calculations and experimental checks; evaluate of the effectiveness of fix and strengthening innovations, e.g., utilizing aramid fiber wires or sheets; and modelling analyses. additionally, at the foundation of case reviews, a technique is gifted that's appropriate to analysis, strengthening and development of seismic functionality and is appropriate with smooth theoretical rules and conservation standards. it truly is was hoping that, by means of contributing to the data of this development process, the ebook can assist to advertise conservation of this significant portion of Europe’s architectural heritage.
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Additional info for Historical Earthquake-Resistant Timber Framing in the Mediterranean Area: HEaRT 2015
Three-dimensional model showing the horizontal structure of the Inner Roof, with the series of tie-beams, and how this structure embraces the western wall, creating at the same time a timber circumferential bracing  Fig. 16 Ayia Marina. The horizontal beam on the Inner Roof, supported by inclined strut-supports. On these special beams the Outer Roof will be totally suspended. Every couple of inclined strut-supports corresponds to a horizontal tie-beam of the Inner Roof  28 M. Pelekanos Fig.
Cruz et al. 1007/978-3-319-39492-3_4 47 48 Ş. Erşan agreeable climate, it was Europe’s major maritime gateway to the world, through which a substantial part of the European expansion and colonization had passed. In the eighteenth century, Istanbul, imperial capital of the Ottoman Empire, was one of the most intriguing cities. In depicting the 18th century Ottoman world, one of the key words must “change”. For the Ottoman Empire; 18th century was a period when western conquest stopped and started to follow the western development.
1) In Istanbul is the main material used in the construction of wooden housing until the 20th century. According to who came to Istanbul at the end of the 18th century zoologist Olivier “In Istanbul, will help to make solid construction, despite the ease of ﬁnding any material such as stone, brick and lime, from whether rich or poor community, somehow always almost all the houses were made of wood” (Fig. 2). Fig. 1 “Bondruk” timber frame wall Fig. 2 The oldest Bosphorus mansion “Amcazade Hüseyin Pasha Yalisi” 1699 50 Ş.