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By Masato. KOBYASHI

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Although Take PIE */ku “ “ " *u as the syllable nucleus, the principle of coda minthe universal sonority scale favors “ requires *n to its right to become the syllable imization, which outranks the former, nucleus. / O A H */ku ´ “ h is. b ∗! b is. b is ∗! " §17 Peculiarities in the development of PIE laryngeals in Indo-Iranian As mentioned above in §15, Greek, and Tocharian to a smaller degree, treat laryngeals like sonorants, whereas in Sanskrit the laryngeals become /i/ only when there is no other possible nucleus-bearer adjacent to them.

Is’ and the absence of " point to "dominance of the latter a deletion rule to avoid dieresis in the Rgvedic period " over the former. Ranking: MIO /s´u-gm-ias´ugmia-“ s´ugyas´ugmya☞ s´ugmi ya- O MIO O ∗! XCY DIO XCY DIO ∗! ∗! ∗ §21 Well-formed syllables in Proto-Indo-European and Sanskrit It may be difficult to find a Proto-Indo-European overlong syllable which is tautomorphemic, non-final, and has no ablaut alternant with a lighter syllable. The shapes of roots and suffixes, however, entail the existence of overlong syllables in Proto-Indo-European; when a root of the form *-e/oRC or *-¯eC is followed by a suffix beginning with a consonant or a consonant cluster, the root syllable necessarily becomes overlong, provided that the notion of an overlong syllable is valid in Proto-Indo-European.

16), but it is just optional according to texts (TPr. 4, 6, VPr. 102, SC RPr. 25 sam . yog¯adir v¯a. A syllable boundary falls between geminate consonants " according to the Taittir¯ıya-Pr¯ati´sa¯ khya and the V¯ajasaneyi-Pr¯ati´sa¯ khya (TPr. 9 before a sibilant, VPr. 104), but this rule too is optional in the Rk-Pr¯ati´sa¯ khya, and the ´ ´ A ¯ Saunak¯ ıy¯a Catur¯adhy¯ayik¯a limits it to the context after /r/" or /h/ (RPr. 18). TPr. 7), belongs to the preceding syllable, and similarly VPr. K-.

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