Download International Systems in World History: Remaking the Study by Barry Buzan PDF

By Barry Buzan

This ebook tells the tale of mankind's evolution from a scattering of hunter-gatherer bands to cutting-edge built-in worldwide foreign political financial system. trying to emulate and problem the cross-disciplinary impact of the area platforms version, the e-book recasts the research of diplomacy right into a macro-historical point of view, indicates how its middle innovations paintings throughout time, and units out a brand new theoretical time table and a brand new highbrow position for the self-discipline.

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Additional info for International Systems in World History: Remaking the Study of International Relations

Example text

It was the particular character of HGBs as the dominant unit that shaped pre-international systems, and it was changes in the nature of this dominant unit that marked the transition from pre-international to international systems. Â < previous page < previous page page_133 page_134 next page > next page > Page 134 Chapter 7 The Transition from Pre-International to International Systems The transition from pre-international to international systems began and ended at different points in time in different parts of the world, and the whole process covers a period much longer than the time that international systems have been in existence.

The door on their iron cage swung closed and the farmers found that their leaders, who in the past had operated on the basis of authority rather than power, were now in a position to coerce their followers. Before the development of agriculture, it had been possible for groups to fission, thereby preventing the emergence of coercive leadership. Any leader who endeavoured to develop a coercive stance would simply find that their followers melted away. But this option was no longer possible and the route to hierarchy was opened up, leading eventually to the formation of the state.

Trade was the essential process needed to achieve these related but ultimately very different ends. The intensification of agriculture was also, in its turn, the source of two further unintended consequences which then created the potential for the formation of chiefdoms. First, agriculture enabled the size of villages to increase. In New Guinea, egalitarian tribal villages grew in size during the nineteenth century to 1,500 people (Roscoe 1996). And in terms of world history, agriculture made the establishment of towns, and ultimately cities, possible.

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