Download Language and the Lexicon: An Introduction by David Singleton PDF

By David Singleton

The lexicon is turning into an more and more renowned region of research inside linguistics and language reviews. Language is popularly conceived of when it comes to phrases, and phrases also are essential to the best way linguists have usually approached language as an item of research. This quantity is the 1st to supply a finished but available assessment of lexicology and may end up beneficial to the becoming variety of scholars of lexicology who want an interdisciplinary method of the learn of language.

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We have already begun to look at Sinclair's work and shall return to it in Chapter 4. With regard to Halliday and his followers, they see lexis and syntax not as separate entities but rather as merely different ends of the same continuum, which they label the lexicogrammar. g. g. mud) is seen in terms of the different syntactic frames in which these categories can occur. Thus, a count noun can occur after numerals (She has two dogs. } and after quantifiers like several and many (The child had to have several stitches.

For example: ENGLISH PREPOSITIONAL PHRASE [in Germany} (Preposition head - in - to the left of its complement) HEAD (PREPOSITION) PREPOSITIONAL PHRASE [with me] (Preposition head - with - to the left of its complement) HEAD (PREPOSITION) GERMAN PREPOSITIONAL PHRASE [in Deutschland] HEAD (PREPOSITION) (Preposition head - in - to the left of its complement) ['in Germany'] PREPOSITIONAL PHRASE [mit mir] (Preposition head - mit - to the left of its complement) HEAD (PREPOSITION) ['with me'] However, in both languages there are, in fact, prepositions which may occur to the right of their complements: ENGLISH PREPOSITIONAL PHRASE [your objection notwithstanding} HEAD (PREPOSITION) (Preposition head - notwithstanding - to the right of its complement) 28 Language and the lexicon GERMAN PREPOSITIONAL PHRASE [der Schule gegeniiber] (Preposition head - gegenuber - to the right HEAD of its complement) (PREPOSITION) ['opposite the school' literally, 'the school opposite'] Examples such as these last two seem to indicate that the positioning of heads of prepositional phrases is not something which is set globally for all cases within a given language, but rather, as the lexical parameterization hypothesis suggests, that such positioning is determined by the lexical properties of each particular preposition.

E. inflectional morphemes, to lie outside the domain of the lexicon. Sources and suggestions for further reading The account of morphemes and allomorphs presented here draws on the broad tradition of received wisdom in morphological studies as represented in works such as: F. Katamba, Morphology (Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1993); J. Lyons, Introduction to theoretical linguistics (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1968, Chapter 5); P. H. Matthews, Morphology: an introduction to the theory of word-structure (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1974).

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