Download Local Cattle Breeds in Europe: Development of Policies and by Sipke Joost Hiemstra (Editor), Yvette De Haas (Editor), Asko PDF

By Sipke Joost Hiemstra (Editor), Yvette De Haas (Editor), Asko M„ki-tanila (Editor), Gustavo Gandini (Editor)

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These included: inbreeding control, cryo-conservation (semen from 54 bulls is stored for about 20,000 doses), development of a branded Modenese Parmigiano Reggiano cheese made with Modenese milk only and a branded Modenese meat. Two cooperatives for production and valorisation of the branded products were recently created: ‘Valorizzazione prodotti bovini di razza Bianca Valpadana Modenese’, and ‘Bianca Modenese società cooperativa agricola’. Slow Food set up a ‘presidium’ on the breed. Most farmers benefit from the EU agri-environmental subsidies, approximately €150 per adult cow/year.

Personality, social status): ‘You are what you eat’. Therefore, there are growing markets for niche products, or products differentiated along with various characteristics, such as the method and place of production and/or cultural traditions. It is not only the image of the product, but also the gastronomic characteristics and quality that determine consumption patterns. Milk from many local cattle breeds seems to be very suitable for cheese-making due to its high Chapter 2 33 Trends in cattle diversity and cattle production in Europe: from popular to niche dry-matter content and protein composition (Eastern Finncattle; Reggiana, Italy; Groningen White Headed, NL) and the beef of some local breeds is appreciated for its cooking quality.

Deep Red cattle are extremely suitable as free roaming cows in nature reserves because of their robustness. The population shows an increasing trend. Breeding, conservation and promotion There is an active breed society, called ‘Het Brandrode Rund’. In 2007, 454 pure-bred Deep Red cows and 66 purebred Deep Red bulls were registered in the herdbook. The breed society is very active in organising the breeding programme, in selecting bulls, and in promoting the breeds. Inbreeding is a major point of attention.

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