By S Molokov; R Moreau; H K Moffatt
This publication revises the evolution of rules in quite a few branches of magnetohydrodynamics (astrophysics, earth and sun dynamos, pinch, MHD turbulence and liquid metals) and studies present traits and demanding situations. Uniquely, it includes the assessment articles at the improvement of the topic by way of pioneers within the box in addition to top specialists, not only in a single, yet in numerous branches of magnetohydrodynamics, akin to liquid metals, astrophysics, dynamo and pinch.
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Extra resources for Magnetohydrodynamics : historical evolution and trends
5. Cellular convection in a layer of mercury when the magnetic ﬁeld is parallel to the free surface. The cells are seen to be elongated in the ﬁeld direction and extend across the entire vessel. ) bent into a screw-shaped geometry. This instability was at an early stage proposed by Alfvén  to provide a dynamo mechanism for the magnetic ﬁeld of stars and planets. This idea was further analyzed by Lundquist , who was at this stage the ﬁrst to reformulate the hydrodynamic energy principle for disturbances of an equilibrium state, such as also to apply to MHD.
Measured and computed growth rates (a) and frequencies (b) in the kinematic and saturated regime. For the saturation regime, a simple 1D model of braking and a 3D hydrodynamic model from TU Delft has been used Fig. 6. (a) A rough picture of the Joule power dependence on Rm /Rm,crit for the Lowes and Wilkinson experiments, the Karlsruhe experiment and the Riga experiment. (b) Power spectral density of the radial magnetic ﬁeld and the pressure corrected by the eﬀect of the diﬀerent wall conductivity which was estimated separately by a 1D solver).
He was convinced that sunspots were produced by magnetic activity deep within the Sun, and discovered his waves when seeking an agency that would carry this How MHD Transformed the Theory of Geomagnetism 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 23 activity to the surface; see also  below. In this paper he also rediscovered Ferraro’s law of isorotation . Runcorn SK (1953) The Earth’s core. Trans Am Geophys Un 35:49–63 I provide here an example of the old adage that academics can hold a grudge longer than any other segment of society.