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By Andrew Baruch Wachtel

This publication makes a speciality of the cultural procedures through which the belief of a Yugoslav kingdom used to be constructed and at the purposes that this concept finally didn't bind the South Slavs right into a doable kingdom and kingdom. the writer argues that the cave in of establishment Yugoslavia and the institution of separate uninational states didn't end result from the breakdown of the political or monetary cloth of the Yugoslav nation; relatively, that breakdown itself sprang from the destruction of the concept that of a Yugoslav state. Had any such proposal been retained, a cave in of political authority may were via the eventual reconstitution of a Yugoslav nation, as occurred after global conflict II, instead of the construction of separate nation-states.

Because the writer emphasizes state construction instead of kingdom construction, the factors and proof he cites for Yugoslavia’s cave in fluctuate markedly from those who have formerly been recommend. He concentrates on tradition and cultural politics within the South Slavic lands from the mid-nineteenth century to the current as a way to delineate these ideological mechanisms that helped lay the basis for the formation of a Yugoslav state within the first position, sustained the country in the course of its nearly seventy-year lifestyles, and ended in its dissolution.

The e-book describes the evolution of the belief of Yugoslav nationwide cohesion in 4 significant components: linguistic guidelines geared to making a shared nationwide language, the promulgation of a Yugoslav literary and inventive canon, a tutorial coverage that emphasised the educating of literature and background in colleges, and the creation of latest literary and creative works incorporating a Yugoslav view.

In the book’s end, the writer discusses the relevance of the Yugoslav case for different components of the realm, contemplating no matter if the triumph of particularist nationalism is inevitable in multinational states.

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Additional info for Making a Nation, Breaking a Nation: Literature and Cultural Politics in Yugoslavia

Example text

Inevitably, any concession came too late and was 18 Introduction too little; and equally inevitably every concession provoked more violent discontent. 24 Although it is true, as Ernest Gellner has pointed out,25 that by no means does every potential national group experience nationalist urges, in the time since he wrote his book (1983) the number that has experienced such urges has increased ex­ ponentially, and it would behoove us to think seriously about the reasons for this. Thus, in my conclusion I ask, is the triumph o f particularist na­ tionalisms inevitable in multinational states?

The last is one of many poems dealing with 34 Rise o f the Yugoslav National Idea the life and adventures o f Marko Kraljevic, who in real life was an am­ biguous figure, the ruler o f a quasi-autonomous Christian kingdom but a vassal to the Turkish sultan. 39 The opening lines o f “The Downfall o f the Serbian Empire” serve as a veritable encyclopedia o f South Slavic oral tropes, as well as a terse catalogue o f some themes cen­ tral to the tradition: Poletio soko tica siva Od Svetinje od Jerusalima, I on nosi ticu lastavicu.

Is it the empire of heaven? ”40 Besides the decasyllabic line, other notable tropes on display in this opening section are fixed noun-adjective combinations (grey falcon [mis­ translated as hawk, for some reason]), antithetical constructions (not this, Rise o f the Yugoslav National Idea 35 but that), and repetition (“ is it the empire . . ”). Poetic virtuosity is on display as well m the “rhyming” o f the word koleno in two completely dif­ ferent meamngs (it can mean either “ knee” or “family’- t h i s is unfortunately lost in translation).

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