Download Merging Features: Computation, Interpretation, and by José M. Brucart, Anna Gavarró, Jaume Solà PDF

By José M. Brucart, Anna Gavarró, Jaume Solà

This booklet offers new paintings on how Merge and formal gains, easy elements within the Minimalist software, may still make sure the syntactic computation of usual language. Merge combines less complicated gadgets into extra advanced ones. Formal positive factors identify dependencies inside gadgets. during this ebook best students research the complex ways that those components engage to generate well-formed derivations in usual language. it really is divided into components curious about formal positive aspects and interpretable beneficial properties - a subset of formal positive aspects. The authors mix grammatical idea with the research of information drawn from quite a lot of languages, either within the grownup grammar and in first language acquisition. The mechanisms at paintings in linguistic computation are thought of relating to numerous linguistic phenomena, together with A-binding, A'-dependencies and reconstruction, contract, observe order, adjuncts, pronouns and complementizers.

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It has been a traditional assumption that one of the characteristic traits of resumption is that, unlike movement, it does not show reconstruction effects. So, reconstruction is a diagnostic test for distinguishing movement from resumption. In Chomsky’s (1995) terms, only movement leaves a copy, and reconstruction is the interpretation of (part of) the copy. Guilliot and Malkawi challenge this descriptive generalization. These authors provide evidence that in some languages (for example, Jordanian Arabic) the resumptive strategy shows reconstruction effects.

Abels and Neeleman propose to reduce the range of apparently unmotivated movements that are necessary to derive attested orders, by allowing variation in the base-generated word order of adjacent nodes, and postulating that only movement operations obey a right-to-left (antisymmetric) constraint, reminiscent of the Linear Correspondence Axiom. Specifically, they propose an alternative to Cinque (2005a) (where all the attested word orders within a DP are derived from a basic universal structure obeying the Linear Correspondence Axiom).

Själv-försvar self-defense d. själv-förakt self-contempt As is clear from (19) and (20) it is impossible to use reflexives in word formation. Note that this is not due to the complex/simplex distinction that is sometimes made (Reinhart and Reuland, 1993). I suggest that reflexives have the following structure: (21) Reflexive DP DP 0 √ De }} eee } ee }} e }} pron. D0 The prediction of the structure in (21) is that reflexives cannot be modified in any way since they lack all projections below D. This is also, to my knowledge, true.

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