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By Herbert Feigl (auth.), Robert S. Cohen, Marx W. Wartofsky (eds.)

Modem philosophy of technology has became out to be a Pandora's field. as soon as opened, the perplexing monsters seemed: not just used to be the neat constitution of classical physics appreciably replaced, yet various broader questions have been set free, concerning the character of medical inquiry and of human wisdom more often than not. Philosophy of technology couldn't support changing into epistemological and ancient, and will now not stay away from metaphysical questions, even if those have been posed in cover. as soon as the id of medical method with that of physics were queried, not just did biology and psychology come below scrutiny as significant modes of clinical inquiry, yet so too did background and the social sciences - rather economics, sociology and anthropology. And now, new 'monsters' are rising - for instance, medication and political technological know-how as disciplined inquiries. This increases anew a far older query, specifically no matter if the perception of technological know-how is to be amazing from a much wider notion of studying and inquiry? Or is technology to be extra deeply understood because the such a lot sufficient kind of studying and inquiry, whose tools achieve each area of rational inspiration? Is sleek technological know-how matured cause, or is it easily one traditionally tailored and constrained species of western cause? In our colloquia at Boston collage, over the last fourteen years, now we have been probing and trying out the scope of philosophy of science.

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Methodological and Historical Essays in the Natural and Social Sciences

Modem philosophy of technological know-how has grew to become out to be a Pandora's field. as soon as opened, the difficult monsters seemed: not just used to be the neat constitution of classical physics substantially replaced, yet numerous broader questions have been let out, pertaining to the character of medical inquiry and of human wisdom regularly.

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4). In particular, it would be altogether misleading to suggest that Polanyi, Kuhn et al. have somehow inherited the mantle of the rationalists. In a very real sense, Feigl himself is much closer in spirit to the rationalists because he shares with them the crucial L-thesis on which the 'critics' have made their strongest attack. The real dichotomy here is no longer between (classical) empiricism and rationalism, but between both of these doctrines and the newer post-Hegelian views which would challenge the basic assumption of all classical theories, Aristotelian, Cartesian, Humean, positivist, that the objectivity of science lies in a neutral methodology, capable of being made explicit in a set of logical rules.

200. Op. , p. 204. PHILIP 1. QUINN WHAT DUHEM REALLY MEANT It is the nature of an hypothesis, when once a man has conceived it, that it assimilates every thing to itself, as proper nourishment; and from the first moment of your begetting it, it generally grows the stronger by every thing you see, hear, read, or understand. This is of great use. Laurence Sterne, Tristram Shandy One of the central tasks of the philosophy of science is to give an account of scientific progress. We have more reason than our ancestors to wonder whether economic and political history show forth the increasing moral perfection of mankind; skeptics and pessimists conclude that the 'Myth of Progress' has been exploded once and for all.

This lack of clarity shows that the notion of entailment appropriate for science, and the associated problem of non-triviality in scientific explanation, deserve more careful attention, but that is the subject for another paper. The thesis F has, therefore, a peculiar position in Duhem's philosophy. Although it is not a consequence of the thesis S, it may follow from the theses S and V together. But, since the thesis V may well be stronger than « 50 PHILIP L. QUINN the conjunction of the theses D and I, we have not conclusively demonstrated that the thesis F follows from the conjunction of the theses S, D and I.

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