By Du Zheng, Qingsong Zhang, Shaohong Wu
Intense uplift of the Tibetan Plateau in past due Cenozoic period is among the most vital occasions in geological background of the Earth. The plateau deals an amazing quarter for learning of lithospheric formation and evolution, probing into the mechanism of crustal stream, and realizing of adjustments in environments and geo-ecosystems in Asia. extreme uplift ofthe plateau led to drastic alterations of normal setting and obvious nearby differentiation at the plateau right and neighboring areas. The plateau for this reason turns into a delicate zone of weather swap in Asian monsoon area, that's heavily regarding the worldwide switch. As a distinct actual unit, its ecosystems occupy a in demand place on the earth. as a result of its tremendous excessive elevation and nice quantity, traditional kinds and features of actual landscapes at the plateau are fairly diversified from these in lowlands at related latitudes, and environments also are diverse from these in excessive latitudinal zones. as a result, the Tibetan Plateau has been categorized as certainly one of 3 immense actual areas in China and regarded as a different unit on the earth. medical surveys and expeditions to the Tibetan Plateau on huge scale all started from 1950's. among them, a few entire clinical expeditions to the Xizang (Tibet) self sustaining area, Hengduan Mts. components, Karakorum and Kunlun Mts. areas, in addition to the Hoh Xii Mts. components, were successively performed by means of the built-in clinical excursion to Tibetan Plateau, subsidized through chinese language Academy of Sciences due to the fact 1973.
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Additional resources for Mountain Geoecology and Sustainable Development of the Tibetan Plateau
Amongst them, the Nieniexuoangla glaciation, the last but two, was most extensive both in size and distribution, in features of maritime glaciers. , 1995). While the oldest glaciation, the last but three stages, is still unclear in its distribution, except Mt. Xixiabangma area. 3) Development of glaciers in marginal mountains was more favorable than in hinterland, which is evidenced by increasing of snowline elevation from margin to the hinterland, because of decreasing of monsoon precipitation.
Beijing: Science Press, 32-73 (in Chinese). , 1994. Study on paleoenvironmental parameters of Qinghai Lake in Holocene. Quaternary Science, (3), 235-247 (in Chinese with English summary). ), 1999. Environmental Changes of Karakorum-Kunlun Mountains in late Cenozoic Era. Beijing: Environmental Science Press, UPLIFT AND ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGES 62. 63. 64. 65. 66. 67. 68. 69. 70. 71. 45 243 ( in Chinese ). ZHANG Qingsong and LI Bingyuan, 1991, The uplift of Karakorum-Kunlun Mountains and its impacts on environmental changes.
1987). , 1987; YANG Z L, 1986). 5 Ma): Most of the lakes in Tibetan Plateau were fresh except those in Qaidam Basin. Affected by both tectonic movement and climatic changes, lakes in large area changed from fresh water in early and middle of this period stage to semi-saline and UPLIFT AND ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGES 35 saline in late Pliocene. This indicated that the climate in this stage could be humid with relative abundant precipitation. 5 Ma, effected by neo-tectonic movement, many ancient lakes, in roughly north-south direction, were newly formed both in the interior and on periphery of the plateau.