Download Nanotechnology for Chemical and Biological Defense by Margaret Kosal PDF

By Margaret Kosal

The pursuit of the minutely small – nanotechnology – is prospering in academia, within the inner most area, and in international nation technological know-how and expertise courses. This paintings goals to raised let an educated nationwide debate and to impact foreign discussion at the function and impression of nanotechnology and rising technological know-how on nationwide protection and native land protection. Combining unique learn with the findings of an interdisciplinary, defense-oriented workshop, the booklet explores the present realities and strength for transformational breakthroughs in nanotechnology-based chemical and organic countermeasures, in addition to identifies study instructions in uncomplicated and utilized technological know-how. safeguard implications, either for normal nonproliferation regimes and for misuse by means of non-state actors also are thought of. This bold attempt serves manifold targets, together with the following:

• to offer policymakers a strategic roadmap to supply a foundation for examine path decisions;

• to supply an summary of the present and destiny demanding situations, either for army operations and for native land defense applications;

• to supply a survey of capability destiny proliferation and malfeasant co-option of rising technologies;

• to debate organizational constitution and administration of chemical and organic defense-related examine and nanotechnology-related learn on the federal level.

• to give skill to foster progressive know-how regionally and spotlight overseas wishes for destiny nanotechnology study, cooperation, and safeguard globally.

Throughout, the emphasis is on innovative instead of evolutionary technology and expertise. This paintings deliberately straddles among technical disciplines and social sciences making it actually interdisciplinary. rules and paintings from around the experimental and theoretical actual and existence sciences and engineering are incorporated and built-in with insights from the social sciences.

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To accomplish this, a science-based, multidisciplinary process is needed that is closely coupled to the manufacturing technology base. To date, efforts that could contribute to 2030 capability needs have primarily focused separately on the development of sensors, on the development of the materials, or on development of integrated networked systems. In an effective development program, all are driven from the beginning with knowledge and interaction with the other. This does not mean a single project or program in which every piece is lock-step across interdisciplinary divides.

This process is shown in Fig. 2. For countermeasures development, possible CB defense capabilities against areas where the US currently lacks solutions or has less than ideal passive defense capabilities were explored. One example is standoff biological detection or featherweight personal protection filters. Ideas were separated in to four general areas: (1a) detection and diagnostics of biological agents, (1b) detection and diagnostics of chemical agents, (2) physical protection, (3) decontamination, remediation, and consequence management, and (4) medical countermeasures.

The potential for nanotechnology to aid these four thrusts is described in detail here. 6 A complete battlefield protection program addresses both individual and collective protection to the warfighter from inhalation, ingestion, or contact with dangerous agent, and the capability to shield small groups of warfighters and their support teams. Efforts in this area include protective clothing, protective masks, air purification, and shelters. The effective level of protection and the capabilities of the fielded equipment will increasingly depend on the transition of new materials and processing concepts to manufacturing.

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