By Victor Sarianidi
Gonur was once crucial urban within the nation of Margiana (Turkmenistan). The cemetery of Gonur, which used to be excavated by means of Victor Sarianidi, yielded approximately 3,000 tombs, relationship from the tip of the third to the start of the 2d millennium BC. This e-book comprises the result of the excavations, anthropological observations in line with the skeletons came upon, and a multitude and wide array of unearths. those works endure witness to the luxurious flowering of the artwork of Margiana within the 2d millennium BC.
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Extra resources for Necropolis of Gonur
Scattered human remains Scattered human remains, head to the W Scattered human remains Shaft in BP. Human skeleton in a crouched position on the right side, head to the WWN Shaft in BP. Human skeleton in a crouched position on the right side, without a scull, head to the NNE Human skeleton in crouched position on the right side, head to the N. A scull in unusual position Human skeleton in supine position with the light crouched legs, head to the W Destroid human skeleton in strongly crouched position on the right side, head to the S Funeral inventory Fragments of 1 ceramic vessel - Evidence of buring the grave’s floor + 120x80 150 Child, 8 Fragments of one ceramic vessel and a bronze pin near the child’s head - 70x55 90 ?
It was preserved at the height of only two to three brick layers. The entrance to the chamber was most probably located in the southern wall and on the opposite northern wall was a brick “bed”. There were remains of four people in the chamber: three women and a child (9-11 years old). The ages of the women were: over 20, about 35-40 and 30-35. All skeletons (except one) were commingled and laid out in a chaotic position on the “bed” along the northern wall. At the entrance, lying on a special ash layer was the last burial, whose skeleton was found intact in a crouched position on his left side; his skull was under his right hand.
For instance, we can define ear-rings, rings, bangles, beads, diadems, hear-pins and pins for clothes, cosmetic utensils (bottles, sticks, so called spades) and other less important artifacts as personal decorations. One can definitely describe ceramic, stone and metal vessels, prestigious items (so called miniature columns, “crooks’, “weights”, stone disks, ceremonial axes, stone and metal heads of scepters) as funeral gifts. In isolated cases there were found professional gifts like instruments of master in stone cutting (burial #1200).