By Ioannis Liritzis, Christopher M. Stevenson
This edited quantity deals archaeologists and archaeometrists the newest technical info, the basics of provenance experiences, instrumentation utilized in those investigations, and methods for the relationship and interpretation of archaeological fabrics in glass reviews. The members talk about fresh advances in obsidian hydration relationship, secondary ion mass spectrometry, and infrared photoacoustic spectroscopy, concentrating on the applying of those applied sciences to a number of glass types and incorporating reports that examine the social and financial innovations of prior cultures.
With examples from Greece, the center East, Italy, Peru, Bolivia, Russia, Africa, and the Pacific sector, provenance stories examine nearby styles of glass acquisition, creation, and alternate, offering examples that use a number of instrumental how you can symbolize fabrics from historical societies.
Extensive figures and tables included.
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Additional info for Obsidian and ancient manufactured glasses
The geological microprobe: The first 25 years of dating zircons. Applied Surface Science 252, 7089–7095. , 1981. Ion microprobe studies of water in silicate melts: Concentration dependent water diffusion in obsidian. Earth and Planetary Sci ence Letters 52, 192–202. , 2004. The role of SIMS in cul tural heritage studies. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Inter actions with Materials and Atoms 226, 38–52. , 2006. AFM study of the SIMS beam induced roughness in monocrystalline silicon in presence of initial surface or bulk defects of nanometric size.
8. 7 are ideal for SIMS depth profiling. 8 will cause distortion of the real H profile when measured by SIMS. The net effect of pits or cracks in the surface will be to smear out the details of the profile, particularly at the sharp fall of the H profile. 9, which compares a normal profile with one smeared out due to surface roughness. Such profiles should be used cautiously or eliminated for dating purposes. AFM images of the bottom of SIMS craters show ripple formation similar to those documented in many types of ion-bombarded materials.
E. ), Obsidian Studies in the Great Basin. Contributions to the University of California Archaeological Research Facility 45. UCARF, Berkeley, pp. 103–116. , 2003. Hydrogen concentration analyses using SIMS and FTIR: Comparison and calibration for nominally anhydrous minerals. Geochemistry, Geophysics, and Geosystems 4, 1019. , 1977. Glass hydration: A method of dating glass objects. Science 196, 975–976. , 1974. Obsidian hydration profile measurements using a nuclear reaction technique. Nature 250, 44–47.