By Brad Inwood
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Additional resources for Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy XXXV: Winter 2008
47; 7. 141). Thus, in Herodotean usage, a σ γγραμμα and presumably a συγγραφ can just as easily be something written in verse as some54 There are two further uses of συγγρ φω of ‘writing down’ oracles: 7. 141 and 8. 135. Heraclitus’ Critique of Pythagoras 41 thing written in prose. Second, both in the case of the oracles and in the other cases discussed above, a συγγραφ is not a book but rather a short record of some sort. Finally, in the case of the oracles, the soldiers who fought in the battle, and the wonders of Lydia, the information was presumably originally provided orally and then recorded in the συγγραφ .
51 The best way of describing the situation seems to be that, in the late ﬁfth and fourth centuries, a συγγραφ is a composition; the normal implication is that it is in prose and this implication is sometimes made explicit by adding a phrase such as πεζ λ γω. συγγραφ is thus quite close to the English ‘composition’. If I say that I am giving you my composition, you would normally expect it to be in prose, but the word ‘composition’ does not mean ‘prose composition’ and it is possible that my composition is in fact a poem.
B. ), Brill’s Companion to Herodotus, 415–35 at 419. Bakker still stresses that the others whom you interrogate are presumed to have been eyewitnesses, although this is in tension with his statement that στορ α is a means of getting information about ‘what is beyond perception, remote in space or time’ (‘Making’, 16). He also stresses that the listening is ‘critical listening’ (‘Making’, 15). As I hope to show below, however, the evidence really suggests that στορ η proper is simply making enquiries without any limitation to eyewitnesses, and that, while Herodotus makes critical judgements about his enquiries, στορ α proper focuses on the enquiries rather than the judgements.