By Kurt A. Raaflaub
Peace within the historical international: thoughts and Theories conducts a comparative research of why sure historic societies produced particular recommendations and theories of peace and others did not.
- Explores the concept recommendations of peace in antiquity happened in basic terms during periods that skilled extraordinary charges of warfare
- Utilizes case experiences of civilizations in China, India, Egypt, and Greece
- Complements the 2007 quantity War and Peace within the historical World, drawing on rules from that paintings and supplying a extra finished examination
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Additional resources for Peace in the Ancient World: Concepts and Theories
Few societies have left the kind of sources that would contain such evidence. 83 Despite the prolific written records they left, highly developed literate civilizations, such as the Egyptians, Mesopotamians, Hittites, Achaemenid Persians, or Maya, allow us to see that under certain conditions they preferred peace to war and knew how to prevent war and conclude or stabilize peace, but not whether they developed concepts or even 30 Kurt A. Raaflaub theories of peace. For reasons discussed earlier, at least in monarchic and imperial states it seems unlikely that this happened.
Raaflaub, K. A. ). 2007. War and Peace in the Ancient World. Malden MA & Oxford. Raaflaub, K. A. 2009. ” Transactions of the American Philological Association 139: 225–50. Raaflaub, K. A. 2011. “Peace as the highest end and good? ” In G. Moosbauer and R. ), Fines imperii— imperium sine fine: Römische Okkupations‐ und Grenzpolitik im frühen Prinzipat, 323–38. Rahden Westfalen. Abhorring War, Yearning for Peace 41 Raaflaub, K. A. 2015. ” In T. R. Kämmerer and M. ), Cultures in Comparison: Religion and Politics in Ancient Mediterranean Regions, 103–29.
59 By contrast, among the early Greeks the war god Ares enjoyed the worst possible reputation. ” Zeus, his father, acutely dislikes him because of his propensity for quarrelling and fighting. He is a coward and adulterer, ridiculed by the other gods. 61 As far as Athens is concerned, monuments and inscriptions celebrating victories proliferated in the city’s center. The elegant little temple of Nikē (Victory) near the entrance of the Acropolis commemorated an important victory over Abhorring War, Yearning for Peace 25 Sparta; statues of Nikē stood as akroteria on each wing of the magnificent Stoa (Portico) of Zeus the God of Freedom (Zeus Eleutherios) in the Agora; even the gold accumulated in the treasury of Athena was cast in Nikē statuettes.