Download Phonological Development in Specific Contexts: Studies of by Zhu Hua PDF

By Zhu Hua

This is often the 1st book-length learn of phonological improvement and impairment of Chinese-speaking childrens. It presents the 1st normative info in this inhabitants, on the way to be of price to speech and language therapists and different execs. It additionally advances the idea of 'phonological saliency’ and is the reason the cross-linguistic similarities and adjustments in kid's phonological improvement.

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Extra info for Phonological Development in Specific Contexts: Studies of Chinese-Speaking Children (Child Language and Child Development, 3)

Sample text

Tones and main vowels are compulsory while initial consonants, medials and syllabic terminals are optional in a syllable. Altogether there are about 420 feasible combinations of initials and finals in Putonghua, and 1300 syllables if tonal variations are taken into account (Xiandai Hanyu Cidian, 1979). Consequently, the occurrence of homophones in Putonghua is much more common than in most other languages. Putonghua has often been described as ‘monosyllabic’, giving the false impression that Putonghua words are one syllable long.

1990). Longitudinal studies of the developmental patterns in the phonological systems of the children with hearing impairment would provide information concerning the learning mechanisms of these children and data for planning intervention strategies. 4 Aims and Objectives of the Current Book As reviewed in the previous section, studies of phonological development of children in atypical circumstances not only provide evidence for developmental universals but also raise a number of theoretical issues which need to be accounted for by theories of language acquisition.

Ia/, /iε/, /ua/, /uo/ and /yε/ are ongliding ones with the second element being sonorous. Triphthongs (4 in total) Vowel Example English translation iɑo piɑo1 ‘mark’ ‘autumn’ ioυ t hioυ1 uae uae1 ‘slanting’ uei uei1 ‘danger’ In all the triphthongs, the middle vowels are pronounced longer and with more intensity than the other two vowels. 5 Tones There are four tones in Putonghua. A tone is primarily characterised by voice pitch while other features such as length and intensity may also play a role in its perception.

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