Download Portuguese: A Reference Manual by Sheila R. Ackerlind PDF

By Sheila R. Ackerlind

An important, finished advisor for all who're attracted to studying the Portuguese language and getting to know its complexities, Portuguese: A Reference handbook supplementations the phonetic and grammatical causes provided in easy textbooks. whereas the guide makes a speciality of Brazilian Portuguese, it contains eu Portuguese versions and hence offers a extra whole description of the language. available to non-linguists and amateur language newcomers, in addition to informative for teachers of Portuguese and experts in different languages, this consultant contains the Orthographic Accord (in impression because 2009-2010), which makes an attempt to standardize Portuguese orthography.The handbook displays the language because it is at present taught at either the undergraduate and graduate degrees by way of offering exact reasons of the sound and writing structures and the grammar of the central Portuguese dialects. A reference advisor instead of a textbook, the handbook additionally presents broad verb charts, in addition to comparisons of Portuguese with English and Spanish.

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Extra info for Portuguese: A Reference Manual

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5 BP: ou is often pronounced [o]. 6 Oral triphthongs (which are rare in Portuguese) are sequences of [gu] / [ku] + oral vowel + [i] / [u] (Paraguai / Uruguai / quais // qual / igual [BP; see note 2 above]). Notes to Spanish Speakers: 7 These diphthongs do not occur in Spanish, although stressed e / o in "falling" diphthongs may be slightly open (deuda [ɛ] vs. dedo [e] / boina [ɔ] vs. bono [o]) (Quilis and Fernández, Curso 45). 8 Port. fui is a "falling" diphthong [ui]; Sp. fui is a "rising" diphthong [ui].

If the word is unstressed, a syllable of the following or preceding word is stressed. STRESSED EXAMPLES UNSTRESSED EXAMPLES dê nós sê de (Alberto) (recite-)nos (levante-)se 2) If the word has more than one syllable, one syllable is stressed; the others are unstressed. 3) If a word is marked with a tilde (˜), an acute accent (´), or a circumflex (ˆ), the marked syllable is stressed. irmã / fácil / ônibus 4) If a tilde occurs in a word with an acute accent or a circumflex, the syllable marked with the acute accent or circumflex is stressed, and the syllable marked with the tilde is unstressed; that is, the acute accent or circumflex prevails over the tilde in determining stress.

SING. 3rd-PERS. SING. 2 de pode por porque o que se b) (preposition) (present indic. of poder) (preposition) (conjunction) (pronoun) (reflexive pronoun) vs. vs. vs. vs. vs. vs. dê pôde pôr porquê o quê sê (present subj. of dar; see above) (preterite indic. of poder) (infinitive) (noun) (pronoun; see p. 114 for details) (standard tu imperative of ser) A circumflex marks the 3rd-person plural present indicative of ter / vir and derived verbs in order to differentiate it from the 3rd-person singular, which is not marked in ter / vir but is marked with an acute accent in derived verbs.

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