Download Positivism in Psychology: Historical and Contemporary by Charles W. Tolman (auth.), Charles W. Tolman (eds.) PDF

By Charles W. Tolman (auth.), Charles W. Tolman (eds.)

Positivism wishes extra scrutiny. lately, there was little consensus in regards to the nature of positivism or in regards to the detailed kinds its impression has taken on mental thought. One symptom of this loss of readability has been that ostensibly anti-positivist mental theorizing is usually discovered reproducing a number of distinctively positivist assumptions. The members to this quantity think that, whereas almost each theoretically engaged psychologist this day overtly rejects positivism in either its nineteenth century and twentieth century varieties, it's necessary to examine positivism from both sides and to appraise its function and value so that it will make attainable the extra improvement of mental theory.

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New York: Thomas Y. Crowell. Smith, L. D. (1986). Behaviorism and logical positivism. Palo Alto, CA: Stanford University Press. Tolman, C. W. (1991). For a materialist psychology. In W. Baker, M. Hyland, R. van Hezewijk, & S. ), Recent trends in theoretical psychalogy (Vol. 2, pp 37-50). New York: Springer-Verlag. Wertheimer, M. (1972). Fundamental issues in psychalogy. New York: Hoit, Rinehart and Winston. Author's Note Work on this chapter has received support from research and travel grants from the University of Victoria and the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada.

All of these problems can be traced back to the basic assumptions of phenomenalist presentationalism. The verifiability principle formed the heart of the logical positivist philosophy of science. The context of this principle was the presumed need for a philosophical basis for science that was secure in its logical analysis of language. All truly scientific knowledge ought to be expressible in meaningful propositions. Of these, there were only two kinds: analytic, such as those making up most of mathematics and logic, and empirically verifiable, represented by the substantive propositions of science.

Original work published 1739) James, W. (1890). The principles of psychology (Vols. 1, 2). New York: Henry Holt. Kirchoff, G. R. (1876). Vorlesungen ueber die mathematische Physik: VoL 1. Mechanik. Leipzig, Germany: J. A Barth. Koch, S. (1964). Psychology and emerging conceptions of knowledge as unitary. In T. W. ), Behaviorism and phenomenology (pp. 1-41). Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Koch, S. (1981). " American P~hologist, 36, 257-269. Lenin, V. I. (1972). Materialism and empirio-criticism.

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