By Richard M. Schwartzstein
Respiration body structure: A medical procedure bargains a clean new tackle studying body structure in a systems-based curriculum. This ebook gained the 2006 Dr. Frank H. Netter Award for precise Contributions to scientific schooling, and Dr. Schwartzstein is a 2007 recipient of the Alpha Omega Alpha unique instructor Award from the organization of yank clinical schools. Written through popular and dynamic educators and that includes interactive animations, the ebook integrates practical anatomy, body structure, and pathology to construct a conceptual realizing of breathing process functionality. Emphasis is on components of breathing body structure which are an important to knowing and dealing with medical difficulties. a set of 39 interactive animations accompanies the ebook. pattern animations may be seen on-line: click on right here. breathing body structure: A scientific procedure bargains the subsequent good points: Writing sort is apparent, concise, reader-friendly, and conversational. a special strategy indicates scholars how fabric suits jointly within the context of the breathing approach. scientific correlations are built-in in the course of the e-book to stress the appliance of information to scientific perform. Interactive animations are supplied through accompanying CD and unfastened pupil entry on the net. The animations illustrate medical thoughts defined within the booklet, so scholars can truly see the consequences of physiologic adjustments. inspiration Questions are positioned all through every one bankruptcy to make studying extra interactive, requiring scholars to check their skill to combine the data provided. "Putting It jointly" sections use scientific situations to spotlight key thoughts coated within the bankruptcy. those sections seem on the finish of every bankruptcy. distinct chapters precise to this sort of monograph are featured, comparable to "Form and Function," "Respiratory Sensations," and "Exercise body structure: A story of 2 Pumps."
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Breathing body structure: A scientific procedure deals a clean new tackle studying body structure in a systems-based curriculum. This e-book received the 2006 Dr. Frank H. Netter Award for detailed Contributions to scientific schooling, and Dr. Schwartzstein is a 2007 recipient of the Alpha Omega Alpha exotic instructor Award from the organization of yank scientific schools.
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Additional info for Respiratory Physiology: A Clinical Approach
A patient with severe pneumonia involving both lungs is in respiratory failure in the intensive care unit. He has an endotracheal tube in his trachea and is connected to a mechanical ventilator. In an effort to improve his oxygen and carbon dioxide levels, the doctor increases the size of each breath delivered by the ventilator. This results in an increase in the alveolar pressure to very high levels, in some cases to levels greater than the associated capillaries. How will this change in the ventilator affect the matching of ventilation and perfusion in the lung?
In the 1950s, there were several severe polio epidemics in the United States. Many people who were infected with the polio virus developed failure of the respiratory system and were kept alive in an iron lung, an airtight cylinder that encased the patient’s body, except for the head, which protruded from the device. The iron lung was attached to a large vacuum that cycled the pressure inside the iron lung from atmospheric pressure to a negative pressure and then back to atmospheric pressure. This device led to the creation of a negative pressure in the pleural space on each cycle.
For the pectoralis muscle, which normally acts to move the arm, to function as a ventilatory muscle, the arm must be fixed in position. Typically, patients in respiratory distress learn to do this on their own and assume a “tripod position” by resting their hands on their knees or on a nearby table or chair (Fig. 2-4). With the position of the arms secure, contraction of the pectoralis results in elevation of the anterior wall of the chest. Chances are you have also done this at some point after heavy exercise as you bent over with your hands on your knees and tried to catch your breath.