Download Seed Proteins: Biochemistry, Genetics, Nutritive Value by M. S. Swaminathan (auth.), Werner Gottschalk, Hermann P. PDF

By M. S. Swaminathan (auth.), Werner Gottschalk, Hermann P. Müller (eds.)

Investigations on seed proteins were intensively performed in the past 20 years. this can be legitimate in regards to either their chemical composition in addition to their nutritive worth. the improvement of latest biochemical and actual tools has ended in acquiring deep insights into the constructions of seed proteins and their mutual interactions. extensive trade of knowledge among the scientists partaking in nationwide and overseas learn programmes has given robust impulses for intensifying the examine during this box. For the quantitative and quali­ tative investigations of seed proteins, not just a few version crops have been used; to the contrary, they have been performed on a good number of diverse vegetation very important for various areas of the earth. during this means, a degree of data has been reached which can no longer be anticipated during this variety inside of one of these brief interval. This holds not just actual for biochemical but in addition for physiological characters of the species of the restricting amino acids studied. with reference to dietary facets, the matter was once of distinctive curiosity, but additionally seed proteins appearing as antinutritional elements have been analysed intimately. according to the data of seed protein buildings, it used to be attainable to accomplish investigations at the genetic foundation in their synthesis. This was once performed less than diverse facets: the elemental wisdom at the genes concerned will be widened; in addition, it's going to be attempted to enhance the seed proteins quantitatively and qualitatively less than the impression of mutant genes.

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II. Anonymous (1975): RecommendatIOns of an ad hoc panel on analytical screening methods for seed protein content and qualIty. Annex III m 'Breedmg for Seed Protem Improvement Usmg Nuclear Techniques'. IAEA Vienna 12. Anonymous (1975)' PAG GUIdeline 16 on Protem Methods for Cereal Breeders as related to Human NutrItIOnal ReqUIrements. AG Bull 5 (2): 22-48. 13. Anonymous (1976): Genetic Improvement of Seed Protems. Nat. Acad. , Washington, USA. 14. Anonymous (1977): NutntlOnal EvaluatIOn of Cereal Mutants.

MICKE THE PROTEIN GAP In 1967, the United Nations Advisory Committee on the Application of Science and Technology to Development presented a report to the UN Economic and Social Council entitled 'International action to avert the impending protein crisis' [2]. The report was subject to a resolution by the 22 nd Session of the UN General Assembly [3]. In the preface to the report it is stated that 'World food production is falling behind population growth despite all current national, bilateral and international efforts to reverse this trend'.

The problem is that yields of grain legumes are lower and prices therefore tend to be much higher than for cereals, thus making it dependent on the income, whether a family can afford to improve its diet by supplementing it with beans or other pulses [51). That cultivation of pulses was becoming less and less profitable for farmers in developing countries, resulting in decreasing supply and further increasing prices, is partially due to the success of international cereal breeding programmes (mainly on wheat, rice and maize) [32).

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