By Sidney Fine
In the 1st documented book-length learn of this violent war of words, Sidney high-quality portrays the dramatic occasions of the 1936-37 strike that catapulted the UAW into prominence and touched off a wave of sit-down moves around the land. Basing his account on a magnificent number of manuscript assets, the writer analyzes the tactic and strategies of GM and the UAW, describes the lifetime of the staff within the occupied crops, and examines the bothered governmental and public response to the alleged breakdown of legislations and order within the moves. additionally, Dr. high-quality presents shiny pix of Governor Frank Murphy and the foremost figures on either side of the clash: Alfred Sloan, Jr., William Knudson, Robert Travis, Roy Victor, and Walter Reuther, Homer Martin, and Wyndham Mortimer. Of specific curiosity this day are the author's concluding comments in regards to the similarities among the sit-down strike flow of the 1930's and the civil rights flow and the school sit-ins of our personal era.
The GM sit-down strike marks the shut of 1 period of labor-management kinfolk within the usa and the start of one other. Professor wonderful has supplied us with the definitive account of that momentous conflict.
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Extra info for Sit-Down: The General Motors Strike of 1936-1937
Id=18460 The University of Michigan Press, 1969 The Corporation 33 define precisely which bargaining issues were general in scope and which local; and although it asserted that individual plant managers had the authority to come to terms with employee representatives on matters of local concern, the degree to which the factory heads were really autonomous in this area was less than GM indicated. Union officials at the Fisher Body conference reluctantly accepted Knudsen's suggestion that, in Cleveland and Pontiac at least, representatives of all the organizations in the plants, including the company unions, should meet with the management in a single body.
As a special inducement, GM, in addition to its regular dividends, promised to pay $2 per share for five years to those employees who participated in the plan. Only 3342 employees took advantage of the new scheme in 1924, and at no time before the plan was discontinued in 1930 did an appreciable number of the company's workers participate. 29 Of far greater impact in terms of the number of employees involved was the group-insurance plan inaugurated by GM on December 1, 1926. All employees of GM, its subsidiaries, and affiliated companies could be insured for $1000 under the plan, without a medical examination, provided they had worked for the corporation for three months.
He quickly increased the capital of the new firm and began exchanging Chevrolet shares for General Motors shares at a ratio of five to one. At the General Motors stockholders' meeting of September 16, 1915, Durant contested on just about equal terms with the existing management of the concern, and the next year he became its president,lO On October 31, 1916, General Motors Corporation (GM) was incorporated in Delaware and acquired all the stock of the General Motors Company. The individual companies making up the firm were dissolved the next year and became GM divisions.