By Eunan O'Halpin
Irish neutrality throughout the moment global battle offered Britain with major demanding situations to its defense. Exploring how British firms pointed out and addressed those difficulties, this booklet unearths how Britain at the same time deliberate sabotage in and spied on eire, and every now and then sought to wreck the impartial state's acceptance across the world via black propaganda operations. It analyses the level of British wisdom of Axis and different diplomatic missions in eire, and exhibits the an important function of diplomatic code-breaking in shaping British coverage. The ebook additionally underlines simply how a lot eire either and annoyed Churchill in the course of the conflict. instead of viewing this as a uniquely Anglo-Irish adventure, Eunan O'Halpin argues that British actions bearing on eire may be positioned within the wider context of intelligence and safety difficulties that Britain confronted in different impartial states, rather Afghanistan and Persia. Taking a comparative method, he illuminates how Britain handled demanding situations in those nations via a mixture of international relations, covert amassing of intelligence, propaganda, and intimidation. The British viewpoint on concerns in eire turns into a ways clearer whilst mentioned by way of comparable difficulties Britain confronted with impartial states around the globe. Drawing seriously on British and American intelligence documents, many disclosed right here for the 1st time, Eunan O'Halpin offers the 1st kingdom examine of British intelligence to explain and examine the effect of the entire mystery enterprises through the struggle. He casts clean mild on British actions in eire, and at the value of either espionage and cooperation among intelligence organisations for constructing wider relatives among the 2 nations.
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This booklet is disappointing.
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Additional resources for Spying on Ireland: British Intelligence and Irish Neutrality during the Second World War
Such reports were signiﬁcant not for their accuracy, but for the fact that the IRA were still cropping up from time to time in relation to other hostile movements and states. SIS also kept an eye on de Valera, reporting in December 1932 that he appeared among ‘a long list of sympathisers’ prepared by Breton nationalists recently seized by the French police. This might well have been the case during the 1920s, but in ofﬁce de Valera steered well clear of such minority groups in countries with which Ireland had good relations.
His luck ran out in 1937, when he was decoyed onto a Soviet ship in Barcelona and arrested. He died in the Gulag in 1942. It is likely that some of the committed Irish volunteers who fought in the Spanish civil war were brought under Soviet control in the expectation of later use, both internationally and for the purpose of strengthening communist inﬂuence in the Irish labour and republican movements. ⁵⁶ ⁵³ SIS to MI5, 20 Apr. 1927, enclosing undated memorandum, TNA, KV3/11. ⁵⁴ O’Connor, Reds and the Green, 82–115.
Undated memorandum, with SIS to MI5, 28 July 1933, TNA, KV2/819. ⁸⁰ SIS report, 9 Dec. 1932, TNA, KV2/515. ⁸¹ Decodes of Sterling (US consul-general, Dublin) to Washington, and Dawes (US ambassador, London) to Washington, both 21 Oct. 1930; Sterling to Washington, 2 July, Mariani (Italian consul, Britain’s Irish security problem 23 is a fair guess that some of the communications were so pedestrian that they were not even stored, let alone circulated to departments, and this makes it difﬁcult to estimate the volume of GC&CS activity relating to Ireland.