By G. Pridham
The new background of either Southern and japanese Europe has tested the most important position that political events play within the institution of recent parliamentary democracy. Political events frequently shape because of competition to formerly authoritarian regimes, and their functionality in the course of a transition interval provides a superb indication of the character and customers of democracy.This is the 1st ebook to supply a scientific comparability of the democratic transitions of japanese and Southern Europe. It does so by using 4 case reviews from each one sector, written via nearby experts. The nations lined contain Italy, Spain, Greece, Portugal, Hungary, Romania, Poland and Bulgaria. inside of a comparative framework the authors talk about the critical questions of ways democratic events and political elites shape, how alliances and coalitions are equipped, how events deal with their inheritance and advance new identities and the way they behave in the course of elections.Stabilising Fragile Democracies presents either a useful advisor to fresh occasions in Southern and japanese Europe and a way to knowing the method of democratization.
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Extra resources for Stabilising Fragile Democracies: New Party Systems in Southern and Eastern Europe
Given the range of national cultures and the depth of the history involved, the account is unavoidably selective. Necessarily, more contemporary and contingent Michael Waller 27 factors will not be given the prominence that they would merit in a fuller account, perhaps particularly the role of personality and the individual basis of party formation and identity, which were particularly strong, for example, on the Polish right. State, nation and social cleavages Social cleavages have been assigned a particular prominence in the discussion on the determinants of party identity and competition.
The issue in eastern Europe has been further complicated by the problems encountered in defining new party identities, and that particular process is analysed in this volume by Michael Waller in his study of party inheritances and party identities. While critical for effective political action, Geoffrey Pridham and Paul Lewis 17 the question of party identity is a complex one which requires a fine judgement to be made on whether identities are just modified and subject to normal processes of evolution or become so transformed that a new kind of party has come into being.
While the impact of social cleavages on the formation of party systems in western Europe was closely linked with consequences of industrialisation and a particular trajectory of socio-economic development, in the east issues surrounding the consolidation of the state and establishment of the bases of political legitimacy also exerted a very strong influence. Only a little more than two years after the end of communism the existence of the Czechoslovak state was terminated, while similar tensions made their presence in considerably more violent form in other post-communist countries whose study does not form part of this volume.