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STEEL-CONCRETE COMPOSITE FLOORING DECK STRUCTURES 41 FIG. 15. Shear bond failure mechanism. Also, results of more general interest were obtained, relating to the overall behaviour of composite slabs. These may be summarized as follows: (a) Failure was invariably by loss of shear bond, although yield strains were measured in the steel sheets in some instances. The expected characteristics of a shear bond failure, outlined earlier, were clearly observed; these are illustrated diagrammatically in Fig.

Generally, these are minor, occurring at the construction stage, and should be readily overcome by good construction practice. Harding (1986) has again noted the following disadvantages: (1) In areas of concentrated traffic or storage, the upper surface of the steel decking must be protected against damage from high local loads. (2) Prior to concreting, the surface of the decking must be cleaned of all dirt, debris, water or any other foreign matter, to ensure proper bonding between steel and concrete.

10. Sand-loaded specimen. The folded plate method has also been used to predict the behaviour of joints between sheeting. These joints may be formed either by lapping the sheets or by crimping two upstands together. The study showed that for perfect connection, where the sheets were well connected either by screws or rivets, the resulting connection was stiffer than the general profile. However, where imperfect fixing or some separation had occurred prior to loading, the joint would open, allowing seepage of concrete during the casting process.

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